http://64. 27. 1. 122/tracks/? 19641 The government should stop funding the IITs and the IIMs and, instead, divert the funds to primary education. Favour • India is not a devloped country here litracy ratio is very less so governement should concentrate on make more people litrate rahter then concentrating on small group of population • Students from IIT IIM are moving out of india serving other nation’s organiation that is really awfull • India is damocratic country.
Damcracy can only be successfull in only one situation that every one should litrate that could be achieved by concentrating on primary education • Spending huge amount of money on IIT & IIM is dividing the nation in 2 diffrent communities one community is not even having primary education where other community is having higher education • The most of the people going for the IIT IIM are self capable so govenment should make all this nstitutes self fiananced and stop funding. Against Still india in devlopement mode so need of these institutes to prmote our young talent to international platform. • its true student from IIT IIM are moving out but they are sending back money to the country eventually that money is getting utilised in india itself. • The phase of devlopement through which india is passing by needs more recognization of indian talent pool, which surely needs the more better higher education for young indians. • For democracy we need policy makers so we needs few people who are indians who can create better systems for us IIT’s IIM’s producing such kinds of brains. Students from other countries are coming to india so eventually revenue coming back to government pocket. Conclusion • We cant compare the primary education, which is vary vaste area with IIT IIM which is concentrated to small area. • Funding to IIT IIM can be self financed but there should be proper mechnism and student should get scholarships in case of fees hike Democracy has hampered India’s progress. Favour • Democracy definitely hampred the progress because the people who have chosen by the indian people are not educated enough and capable enough to run the government properly. Democracy putting forward lot of restrictions on business to run it as profitable enterpise rther then it is becoming more like running for social causes. • In some sense yes. You know, becaus of the way the system is built, lot of regulations and formalities come into picture. The bureaucracy leads to delays. • Yes,as all can see from the TV news and read the papers,everything is being moulded according to the wishes of the so called protectors of the democracy. • Why separate scales are being used for same kind of work/service. Against Democracy is the only reason of India’s progress. there is no greater system for a country than a vibrant democracy . there may be problem, but then what system does not have the problem. there will always be problem in any system, but we have to overcome that and keep trying to do so. no system can ever be foolproof because no two men always can think alike. • just look to Pakistan for a reference. or if you have China in mind, there bubble will burst one day like USSR did. • At the time of Independence, the average income of Pakistanis was higher than that of Indians.
Today after almost 60 years of democracy in India (bloody and violent democracy at time I will admit) and 60 years of dictatorships, military rule and religious control in Pakistan, the average income of Indians is about 300% higher than Pakistan and India is now in the process of becoming a genuine world “superpower. ” Conclusion • There might be some problem with the democracy but no system is fullproof we can ectify them. Social network Boon or Ban Social networking privacy issues Favor (Boon) • Social networks are new meaning of staying in touch with whole world. The internet a tool that an increasing number of people are choosing to use with great frequency. Too many of these people forget that the internet is a unrestricted, unregulated, and uncontrollable grouping of millions of people, their data, their opinions, and there interests. • Public sharing of private lives has not led to a rethinking of anything. It’s just reminded people to use extreme caution when publicly sharing their private lives. If you wouldn’t do something in front of everyone you know, don’t do it on the internet. Laws should –never– be extended to allow privacy protection for things that people say and do in the public domain. Perhaps the greatest part of the internet is the lack of control, the utter and complete freedom of speech. What is needed is a basic warning from parents or friends to those who are new to the internet, warning of the possible pitfalls that can come with such freedom. • Humans are social animals by our nature and social networks are just one other outlet for humans to interact.
We should not look at social networks are threats but as opportunities for us to interact with people globally. I myself am an active user of social networks and have made many friends and business contacts online that I would otherwise not have had the same level of opportunity or interaction. Against (Ban) • Social-networking sites allow seemingly trivial gossip to be distributed to a worldwide audience, sometimes making people the butt of rumors shared by millions of users across the Internet. Public sharing of private lives has led to a rethinking of our current conceptions of privacy. • Existing law should be extended to allow some privacy protection for things that people say and do in what would have previously been considered the public domain. • A guy who posted a video on Youtube weightlifting,skiing, and performing karate exhibitions. He was fired from his job for showing to much Bravado. • like other human social interactions which are transient, e. g. talking to friends over lunch, the Internet keeps a permanent record of what we say to each other.
If you are having an online conversation with your friend(s) then you should be aware that conversation can be seen by countless others and that a record of that conversation will be kept somewhere on the Internet. Indeed, now with some social networks introducing geolocation services a record of where we go and how long we spend there will also be maintained. • There was one incident where robbers using user’s geolocation on facebook to find out when target is at home or not. • People need to be aware of the environment within which they are communicating to others.
If you are discussing things in a public forum then all that information is available to everyone else in that forum. Therefore hey should take a common sense approach to what they should and should not discuss. In the real world we only talk about sensitive issues when we are in private and with people we trust. I think though that when people are online they can fall into a false sense of security because there are physically in a secure place using their computer either in their office or their home which results in them divulging information they should not. Conclusion Social network is indeed boon for human race as it is bringing people closer and letting them communicate with each other without any fear and barriar. But still one nee to cautious of what level of personal information they are revealing on the social networks. Euthanasia: To Do Or Not To Do. Favour • Euthanasia refers to the practice of ending a life in a manner which relieves pain and suffering. According to the House of Lords Select Committee on Medical Ethics, the precise definition of euthanasia is “a deliberate intervention undertaken with the express intention of ending a life, to relieve intractable suffering. In terminally ill patients and in cancer patients who r undergoing tremendous pain. it should be done, coz the pain is really unbearable. And also in people who are terminally ill and who can’t afford to pay the high hospital charges, is it not better that euthanasia is done so as to save the misery of the relatives who can’t pay high medical bills. And terminally ill cancer patients undergo very severe pain. And we all know how painful the death is . The pain which he undergoes worth living for a few more days, when he’ll be dying on his/her bed every moment.
Isn’t it better to free him from that prison of pain and sufferings if I think about this I feel, it should be allowed. Against • It can be misused. There must be strict laws pertaining on whom it can be done. And the decision should not be given to only one individuala€¦he can misuse. There must be at least 2 other doctors who should also certify it, other than the treating doctor. • People in favor of Euthanasia argue about the vegetable state of a person who needs the liberation. But the fact is, if Euthanasia is legalized there would not be any check on the circumstances under which a patient was killed/relieved.
As we all know too well, how easy it is to buy professionals and their opinion. The intentions of legalizing Euthanasia may be Good but legalizing it would be to legalize killings. History is witness that legalizing killing (remember the Soviet gulag, the Nazi concentration camps, the killing fields of Cambodia) has dreadful consequences. If euthanasia is legalized then suicide must also be. The only difference is the former is assisted and the later is self inflicted. • ON dec 21, 2006. Marico Ricco an Italian doctor disconnected a respirator that was keeping Piergiorgio Welby alive.
After Ricco gave him the sedative and switched off the respirator, Webly smilingly said goodbye to his wife and kids and in 45 min he was dead. Webly’s right to die was widely publicized in Italy. Here two questions arise: whether a person has the right to sustain life supporting medical treatment The other is whether voluntary euthanasia. is ethically defensible. But before such a law is implemented the must be strong legal framework on this; without any loopholes. • Science is progressing at a massive rate. At any point of time a drug could come into the market which could save a person from a a€? erminala€? illness. Every person desires to live, but in pain he loses the power to understand and decide about his life and nobody has the right to define someone else’s destiny. So euthanasia should definitely find a way out of our dictionaries. Conclusion It could be disastrous law for human race so what is required here is to completely understand the process and only after that Euthanasia. Decision should be taken not by the local doctors. Government should deploy a centralized committee consisting of doctors and law makers and committee should make decision based on circumstances.
Foreign Television Channels are destroying our culture. Favour • We have a rich and diverse culture. But, western culture doesn’t have such values and social esteem. • They are spoiling the values and social fabric of Indians. • Few of the programs which Indian television imported from foreign like big boss are only weird showcase of family values and they have no moral and social obligation. Against ? Foreign channels are serving good or bad programs based on the viewer demand. ? It is matter of personal choice user want to view those programs or not. Now with new DTH technology User can subscribe the channels as per his wish. ? New Televisions have child lock which can give control to parents. ? Television is a form of media to create awareness among people and to entertain people. According to me, nothing is affecting our culture. Nobody is responsible for that. Each individual is responsible for his or her success or failure. All the available sources will be a favor or against to us in the way of utilization. If u looks at it in wrong manner, it is against and vice versa.
There r many channels such as BBC, DISCOVERY, STAR SPORTS, ESPN, STAR NEWS and many channels which gives us a high standard and gives the information about the nook and corner. Conclusion ? Foreign channels are only providing the programs. Viewer has full control over he want to see and what he dona€™t want to see. A more organized regulation body is required which can take care obscene and vulgar programs. A ship Docked in Harbor cannot face the storms. • It means that a ship stop can not reach its destination when it is docked at harbor. docked ship means that it is safe from storms but eventually it is not moving.
Philosophically a person can not fight and win wars of life without moving its life. IF a person think that he should not take risk and keep himself safe always he cannot progress in life. Its not necessary that moving ahead always is risk. So Human beings should understand the change is natural process and if you are not moving with nature and not taking risks then you could be safe from storms but it means you are docked at the harbor not moving in life. • The topic says that without any effort we cannot able to achieve anything in our life.
If the ship failed to sail in the sea it can’t get into it destination likewise a man doesna€™t make an effort in his life he can’t able to success even his small work. When the person face a challenge or problem then only his strength will comes up. If we are afraid about failure, we can’t get the success. Anything it may be failure or success should be considered same. Let it be as our experience. • A ship docked in harbor cannot face the storms… there is risk involved but no success. Of course to get success ship must face the storm and reach its destination to find success.
Corruption is the main outcome of democracy in India. Favour • The fact that the system provides equality to everyone ,from whatsoever background and competency makes it easier to play around loopholes in the Indian Statute • Democracy not play a direct role to prmote the corruption but it give power to the people who could be non capable and have there own aims and shelfishness. • Democracy not play a direct role to prmote the corruption but it give power to the people who could be non capable and have there own aims and shelfishness. • In damocratic system a person is chosen by other people.
This procedure could be faulty because human being can be motivated trough the means of greed,or fear. Against • The risk of Democracy is a systemic risk ; corruption is a personal equation and holds good or bad depending on an individual’s and organization’s personal value systems. The two should therefore not be construed/ read as a cause- effect relationship. • Democracy give choice to people to select the leaders on the basis of there capabilty and goodness. If people choose the wrong leaders then that is not the problem with democracy that is the problem with people.
Conclusion • The democracy dont support the curruption at all. But the people them selves are greedy and selfish who are motivatd for corruption. Under Indian parliamentary democracy it is impossible to ensure balanced regional development. Favour • The fundamental principles of democracy preach to ensure balanced regional development. • Uniform representation in the Lower House by MPs from all over the country is to bring out regional problems and demands of people from across the country. • Constitution is completely unbiased for any kind of regional growth Against The government tends to be biased towards vote banks while making and implementing policies. • The minorities are usually left out in the power game and all the agitation by various minorities is an example of the lopsided development. • Most of the important people of our country stays in metros or frequently visits metros so the expect the better facilties there so they them selves take such decisons which prmote the growth of only metros whereas rest of india being untouched with growth. Conclusion • The Democracy and constitution dont support any kind of regional bias but politician them selves only biased.
In an over-regulated society corruption is inevitable Favour • Forcing human mind to follow the rules which are unnecessary and biased make them revolutionary and they move towards revange and corruption is one of the way to take that revange form governement. • Few people believe laws are made to be broken so this is case of the economic phenomenon of regulatory arbitrage Against • corruption is a personal equation and holds good or bad depending on an individual’s and organization’s personal value systems. Regulations , like democracy is a systemic phenomenon ;Both have nothing to do with each other.
Conclusion • Over regulating simple things of daily life can create problem in daily life but regulations are must to run the complex morden life . The money being put into cricket is harming the development of other sports. Favour • Every sponser is running behind cricket Getting sponsored to other sports is difficult, and the players could not have the latest equipment (sport gears). • Cannot not compete with other countries • the money flowing in to cricket attracting all the young population less people intrested in making career in other sports. Against Department of sports or the Sports ministry has a fixed budget and has to allocate the same to productive use. If the demands from cricket are high the dept. has no other option but to fund them. • The number of aspiring cricketers speaks for itself how popular a game it is in the nation. • A lot of funding also comes from sponsors who will fund the game that gives them maximum publicity and in India cricket is no doubt the game. Conclusion • It seems true that money in cricket is harming other games because the youths only want to play cricket due to this money. estern culture adopted by india fair or not? Favour (Good) • culture is nt any hard n fast rule,,changes r law of nature,,so if indian want to adopt sm good things of western ,,so its totally acceptable.. • western culture has various practices n knowledge which r very important to update our knowledge with this fast changing world • adopting the good practices of any culture is always fruitful • . sending parents to old age home is not a western thing… its by nature.. if it is amoral to send parents to oldage homes then y r they set up… there shdnt b ne old age home in our country.
Against (Bad) • There is a big diffrence between modernisation and westernisation. People wear Jeans, T-shirts, Gals wear short skirts, tops, jeans etc and feel that they are modernisation… wat they are doing is Westernisation – copying what people are doing there… this is not modernisation… Modernisation takes place in Mind rather than in clothes….. • adopting western culture is bad, I say that its good if we adopt the goood things of that.. Copy their way of living, their way of conducting themselves • Adopt the culture but dont forget ur own culture…. ike the people rarely care for the old ones’ there, albiet we do, but nowadays people are getting busy and they are adopting the means of keeping their old parents in Old Age Home, which is not our culture Conclusion • Adopting the wetern culture is not a problem but one should be very carefull whatever they are adopting is good or bad as per the current social standars • Just copying western culture wont work . We should find out the pitfalls of our culture and try to reomve them like dowery etc • One’s personal freedom always matters. It’s his own choice to adopt or not.
Religion is a private matter and should be no concern of the state. Favour • As the religion is one’s peronal choice . So he /she should not accept any returns from governament on the basis of religion. • State should see each and every person equally not take decisions on the basis of religion. • Involving the religion in govenement can slowdown the growth of the nation. • Bifurcation of people on the basis of religion could increase the dissatisfaction between other comunities • If state really feels that a perticular community is having poor or less empowered. NGOs and socials organizations can play the role in that case.
Against • If one religious community is poor and in terrible state the state should provide them the more facilities. • Its not the matter of the religion but if the community is poor state should help them. • Religion is the basis of the our whole society so state should make the religion part of its activities. Conclusion • Religion is completly the matter of peronal choice. State should not concern the religion . State should only concerned about the growth of the people . If state find any communities are not in proper shape it can give the reservation on the basis of personal level not on religious level
MNS(Maharashtra navnirman sena)-cultural bullying / Localization Favour • Local groups are helping local people to have their rights so they can grow and achieve same status as other people • Local groups are only trying to stop migration of people from villages to city which should be contrlled by government but government is not taking any action because they are getting votes from the migrated people. • Local groups want to take firm action against the different antinationalist elements who are growing due to lethargic action of government. Against Actions taken by this group hurting sentiments of peoples of other parts of country. • India is free country where anyone can move anywhere and decide its own destiny. • Government spends billions of rupees to develop infrastructure in metro cities that has been taken as TAX from all over India so everyone should have equal opportunity. • It is another try of breaking our country on the basis of caste and religion. • Violence is not at all the solution for anything. Conclusion It is true the load on metro cities are way to high and government should take action to control migration from villages to these cities.
MNS or any other local force should take positive step rather going by way of violence to achieve growth and benefits for the local people. India is a free country everyone have right to move and make their own destiny. Are corrupt but efficient politicians better than honest and in-efficient politicians. Favour • Corrupt but efficient politician can sure make a diffrence in indian governement. Currently most of our politicians are corrupt and inefficiant. • The politicians are not able to take care of citizen’s benifits because they are inefficiants.
If we have the efficient politicians who are bit corrupt but able to serve the nations that would change the scenario. • The in efficiancy of politicians came out in recent mumbai terror attacks. If we have slightly efficiant people we would never such kind of attacks. Against • A corrupt poltician can not fullfill his duties even he is efficient because he will use his efficiency in only his shelfishness • Where as a honest politician might not be able to perform but atleast he can improve the current dirty politics and social corruption problem by his honesty. • How one can be inefficiant if he is performing his duties with honesty. Corruption is detrioting the indian society we can not allow a corrupt person as our leader. Conclusion • A person who has chosen by the thouands and lakhs of people must be efficiant but he should not be corrupt. • Sometimes he may take some benifts out of the system but he should be honest towards the befits of the society and people who have chosen him • Inefficiancy or efficiancy cant be measured But if a person is corrupt it is leagally un avoidable. Should India stop trade and all relations with pak? Favour (Yes) • definitely india should stop trade & all other relation with pak unless they they any +ve step against the terrorism. As we can see india is not able to take any actions against pakistan. so atlease they should take such kind of actions • What is the use to make good relation with such country which is playing such kind of consipracy and eager to kill our people Against (No) • Stop talking or trading is not the soulution of the problem we should help the people who are still peace loving in pakistan • Our fight is with few people of pakistan(Politicians,Extrimists,ISI). not with all the people of pakistan so we should not punish those people. Conclusion Pakistan should be punished for whatever it did with indian people in last 3 dacades. If not on war level we can take action on diplomatic level and try to isolate it. Women empowerment – A cause for increasing divorce rate in India. Favour • Women empowerment stands for empowering women with the legal and social rights , education , awareness about self and the world. • The increased divorce rate can be attributed in part to women empowerment since women being more aware of their legal rights would not mind walking out of a violent or unfulfilling relationship. as women become more independent financially ,there is a lesser probability that a women stays in a relationship out of sheer necessity and obligation. • On the other hand with women doing as well as men if not better the traditional indian male might find it difficult to have a more succesfull second half. Against • previously, males in India might be embarrassed to ask for divorces due to family pressures and guilt of leaving his wife and children without proper financial support. • Laws have broadened the definition of domestic violence to include not just physical, but mental and emotional abuses as grounds of divorce.
These laws have contributed to many unilateral decisions to walk out of abusive relationships. Although these laws apply to both sexes, these were meant to be a step towards women empowerment. • Influence of Western Culture.. With globalisation, increased communication and more issues breached on television, increased divorces may have been encouraged • Lifestyle change: Increased work hours, inter-action between colleagues of the opposite sex.. These may also lead to divorces although not only from the womens end… It would be intresting to note whether increased divorce rates are in cities only or villages also
Conclusion • women empowerment is not the only cause for the increase in the divorce rate. It is also the change in the social and family structure. Inclination to nuclear families, work pressure, lesser adjustment and a declining trust to the institution of marriage. Is coalition politics here to stay? The following points could be discussed under this topic: Nature of coalition politics. Indecisiveness of elections. No particular party is getting the peoples mandate. Advantage of coalition politics in enabling formation of government. Flipside of coalition politics- a party with a handful of seats becomes powerful.
Government falls before tenure. Fresh elections each time. Suggest a way out of this problem, for e. g. : once a party pledges support to a coalition, it will not withdraw its support until it has watched a governments performance for atleast three years… etc The future -will it only have coalitions, emerging political trends… etc… Does India need a dictator? The following points could be discussed under this topic: The current political structure. Drawbacks of it .Bureaucracy, layers in decision making, anarchy. Dictatorship would mean centralised power and faster decision making.
But,country run on whims and fancies of an individual. Freedom on individuals could be clamped .. etc.. Present a balanced argument for and against and take up your position on the issue. Is India moving away from a secularist state? The following points could be discussed under this topic: Define secularism. Constitution calls our country such a state, but how things have changed over the last 50 years. Spread of nationalism. Division into majority and minority groups-e. g. benefits given to minority groups perceived as a threat by others. Role of non-tolerant neighbors in fuelling fundamentalism.
It is a passing phenomenon. We have the national character to overcome this.. Points along these lines can be discussed. Education in India-or the lack of it. The following points could be discussed under this topic: Discuss current education system. Discuss our sociological structure. Poverty which forces kids to drop out to supplement family income . Vicious circle-poverty due to lack of education and vice versa. Suggest solutions to get out of this-for e. g. , governments are doing a commendable job with the midday meal schemes but we need more of such efforts.
Going down further, why restrict it to government alone? why cant private people, NGOs and other voluntary bodies come forward to do the same? How about tapping corporate funds for such causes….. etc. What ails Indian sports? The following points could be discussed under this topic: A nation of 950 million, we fail to produce great champions barring the occasional Vishwanathan Anand or Geet Sethi. Sports system steeped in bureaucracy. Overriding popularity of cricket leading to neglect in other sports . Traditionally, sports not accorded much importance by us as a career.
Need to develop sports from the primary school level-“catch em young”. Various incentives to be given to budding sportsmen like academic credits, sports in lieu of a few other subjects etc. Development of sports infrastructure, making it amenable and affordable… etc….. The Age of Information. The following points could be discussed under this topic: Today a plethora of sources to provide information-Newspapers, radio, Television, Internet etc. Information available at the touch of a button. Greater decision making power to the individual. Also easier decision making for the individual.
Information is the key to ones success today. One who is more informed forges ahead. The flipside- information overkill. At times deciding is tough due to too much information … etc….. Is Philosophy just arm chair theory? The following points could be discussed under this topic: Talk what you know about this topic . Talk of its relevance in day to day life( or irrelevance if you feel so.. ). Talk of its influence in literature e. g. Influence of Kant on theromantic poets especially Wordsworth or of Bacon, Voltaire et alon the “Enlightenment” period etc. Talk of its influence in politics e. . Influence of Nietszche on Hitler and subsequent genocide during Nazi regime etc. Talk of ethics and morals and their importance in life. talk of Indian philosophy. the Gita. Discuss whether we use any of these in our lives and their importance in moulding our values… etc… Success is all about human relations The following points could be discussed under this topic: The most important skill for success in to have people on your side. One can get a lot of work done by superiority and hierarchy but one cannot be a leader of men unless one maintains excellent human relations.
Its importance not only in professional life but personal life too. Knowledge and expertise does one no good if one cannot maintain proper human relations… etc. Borderless worlds-Dream or reality? The following points could be discussed under this topic: Globalisation of business. Opening up of the various economies. Cross cultural exchanges. More and more people getting an opportunity to work in different lands among different peoples and absorbing a bit of their values and culture. This leads to greater tolerance and understanding of others’ problems.
The other side-people despite all this have nationalistic and regionalist chauvinism. A world divided into first, second and third worlds. People still talk of “their” economy and not world economy. Europe has shown a step in this direction with EU but its feasibility remains to be seen. So while people clamour for globalisation, they still think only in terms of their national interests… etc… Quality is a myth in India. The following points could be discussed under this topic: The Indian products and manufacturing techniques. Why are we unable to sustain against global competition. Our mindset towards quality.
Indian attitude of “chalta hai” which leads to an undemanding customer which in turn lets people get away with substandard products and services. Today competition is forcing our industry to adhere to global standards so we are getting there in terms of quality. Examples of our software industry which is recognised for its ability to meet global standards etc. Since the topic is general, we can extrapolate it to our quality of life-the air , the water , the facilities we have, the infrastructure we have, the services we get and put up with…. etc…… Education and success-Is there a correlation?
The following points could be discussed under this topic: This is a topic which provides ample scope for dialectics. One can argue for and against it. One of the best examples is Bill Gates who went on to become the richest man in the world despite dropping out of hid education. Closer home we have the example of Dhirubhai Ambani. What a person learns and what he really wants to do has no correlation many a times. A person succeeds only if he likes what he does. The argument for education will be that, in practice, it is your marks and qualifications that opens doors for you.
While one can become successful without education, education brings about a richness in one’s life. One is able to appreciate many facets of life due to the extended knowledge that education provides. It opens a new window and provides a different perspective towards things, ability to distinguish between ethical and unethical, moral and amoral…. etc. We don’t learn from history, we repeat it The following points could be discussed under this topic: Relevance of history. Reminder of our past telling us what to do and what not to do. Still we have numerous examples which have occurred again and again for e. . Time and again we have had innumerable wars and bloodshed, Hitler made the same mistake as Napoleon and Napoleon in turn the same ones as Alexander and all the three wanted to rule the world, countries making similar mistakes in world war II as they did during world war I…. etc…. But despite this there are also many examples which have not been repeated ( or rather not brought out to the fore as they were not repeated). This could mean we have indeed learnt from history and avoided those mistakes. In fact that has been the purpose of teaching history so as not to repeat them.
Today fear of war is directly due to the record history places before us… etc…. Indian villages-our strength or our weakness? The following points could be discussed under this topic: A typical Indian villages and its myriad problems. Lack of basic amenities and infrastructure. their contribution to the economy both in goods and services vis-a-vis their urban counterparts. they could be an even bigger drivers of our economy if they are made self reliant by improving infrastructure and reducing the general disparities between cities and villages … etc… tc Agrarian Economy in India-boon or bane The following points could be discussed under this topic: Speaking for the topic one can argue the following- time and again it has made us self reliant in food. This increases our bargaining power tremendously in the world economy. Internally also food prices can be kept low and this will have a direct bearing on inflation. This would bolster the economy and provide us freedom from world bodies and other nations. Against the topic-agrarian economy is at the mercy of climatic conditions. A bad summer, monsoon, or winter could bring the nation down.
It will have a spiral effect as increased prices will lead to inflation and problems associated with it. World bodies and other nations will dictate terms.. etc…. “How green was my valley…….. “. Are we paying the price of nature? The following points could be discussed under this topic: As every one tries to be one up on the other in the race for industrialisation, deforestation is taking place on a large scale. This effect is more pronounced in developing countries. It has made a perceptible difference in the last 50 years with rising temperatures. Global warming. Greenhouse effect. Ozone layer depletion. El Nino type effects.
Similarly it has affected other living beings-both plant and animals driving many of them to extinction.. etc… But people have realised it now. A lot of NGOs and voluntary bodies are working on it. Infact there is even a Greens party in Germany which has been winning elections using the environmental plank… etc…. Management Education-Is it necessaryto succeed in business The following points could be discussed under this topic: This is again a topic where we can have for and against arguments. There are many examples of great visionaries and leaders in business who have succeeded without any formal management education.
People have simply done it by their will, passion and desire. But management education has also produced many bigwigs. A management education gives a perspective towards analysis and problem solving. It enables one to take decisions in a scientific manner, it enables you to handle the stress and strains of a demanding job… etc… The role of NGOs in economics and politics The following points could be discussed under this topic: NGOs have become very powerful today. They have a major role to play in politics as they serve peoples opinion. They enjoy a lot of support and goodwill of the people.
They can also make or break a business. They protect the interests of the people and represent a collective voice against anything that goes against their interests. Most of the times NGOs are more capable in securing a fair deal for the general good. Also the NGO shave shown that they are in a better position to handle social issues than most governments … etc… THE STAND OFF OVER CORRUPTION Few could have anticipated that Anna Hazare’s movement for a stronger Lokpal bill would generate such an extraordinary groundswell of public support, particularly among the urban middle class.
By the fourth day of his indefinite fast, the nationwide protests led by 71-year-old social activist have forced the Centre to drop the anti-corruption bill it had drafted, to agree to prepare a new and stronger draft in consultation with civil society activists, and to desperately seek an agreement to end the crisis. It is imperative that the Manmohan Singh government seeks to resolve the remaining differences — on whether the committee must be formally notified and whether a civil society nominee should head it — by forsaking obstinate stances and respecting the popular mood.
With the Centre rejecting the positions staked out by Mr. Hazare on these two issues, he has called for a nationwide jail bharo on April 13. It is not certain how long the deadlock will continue. But in the welter of protests and the general anger about corruption, the key details about what this specific crusade is really about must not be lost. Essentially, the battle is to formulate a Lokpal bill that will allow for impartial and effective inquiries into complaints against public officials. The civil activist camp is correct in pointing out that the official draft is weak and ineffectual.
For instance, rather than allow the Lokpal (or ombudsman) to probe all corruption-related complaints against public officials received from the general public, it restricts such inquires to those forwarded by the Lok Sabha Speaker or the Rajya Sabha Chairman. The reluctance of the Centre to draft a tough Lokpal bill has been coupled with a longstanding reluctance to enact it; one or another version of the bill has been introduced in the Lok Sabha eight times since 1968 only to find the House being dissolved before it could be passed. Mr.
Hazare and his supporters have demanded that the Jan Lokpal bill drafted by civil society activists be adopted instead. But this piece of legislation, although having much more teeth, is not without its share of serious flaws. For instance, it stipulates that the selection committee for the Lokpal must include Nobel laureates of Indian origin and recent Magsaysay award winners. It also makes drastic changes in the existing criminal justice system by envisaging the Lokpal as something of a supercop, under whose jurisdiction a good portion of the Central Bureau of Investigation will be subsumed.
The challenge is to formulate a Lokpal bill that has the teeth lacking in the government draft and is free from the angularities of the civil society version. SHOULD PUBLIC SECTOR BE PRIVATISED Government Sector Vs Private Sector is a debate which seems to be a never ending topic. It is very difficult to take stand for either of these forms of administration. The reason behind that is not unknown but obvious as both provide scopes in different ways. The first allegation that can be put up for this debatable issue is that Government Sector is more divided than organized.
What this means is that a public sector administration runs on the shoulders of many sub divisions. For example – human resource has a ministry and has many governmental organizations working under it to collect the data from. This may seem to be organized but ultimately it becomes divided and creates a problem in the long run. A Private Sector is also divided into departments which work closely. They need to have a coherent working structure or else business will falter. The organization and separation of departmental power is very strict. This does not create any kind of rift between the different departments as they work together.
They operate on different functions and so cannot override each other’s functions. Again, Private Sector employees have to be visible and accountable for each and every action they take. In other words they have to be visible in order to promote their business but can work in their own comfort. However, Government Sector employees have to work showing complete transparency to their jobs. They have to work under the public eye. So it can be said that they work with the governmental radar on and under public scanner! It is said that the Government Sector is not clear with its endeavors.
The objectives of the public sector are more confusing and indefinite in comparison to the Private Sector. The Private Sector supposedly provides more clarity to their apparent subjectivity. This makes the sector more evident. Well this lucidity could go against the Private Sector as this sector is accused of only profit oriented work. This sector will never take anything until and unless it sees profit in it. This “what’s in it for me” mentality is very dangerous as it eventually does not do any good for the community. The dream of this sector is to make more money at the cost of anything and everything.
Hence the need of a public sector arises which can look into and offer its services to the well being of a nation. Apart from all this, there is another positive point for the Government Sector in this contest of Government Sector Vs Private Sector, that it has elected representatives. These representatives are chosen by the public who are more trusted than any corporate honcho like Bill Gates, Steve Jobs or a Rupert Murdoch. It is needless to say that the Private Sector has no such intentions of using popular voting or veto power to ensure its working. It s private and that is how it has to be treated. No trespassing is surely allowed on the private properties. In fact to take liberty at the discussion of Government Sector Vs Private Sector, it can be said that both are equally important for any nation. It should be Government Sector and Private Sector which should be the area of discussion. A harmony between the two is required for any nation to prosper and grow. IS GLOBALISATION NECESSARY ? Yes Globalisation is necessary, for an economy to grow. Globalisation refers to the integration of economic, technological, socio-political factors with the world.
And with globalisation, with the mutual co-operation and assistance -particularly with reference to the law of comparative advantage- it is going to be beneficial. Globalisation also helps reducing the poverty level in the country-there are plenty of evidences and record to support it. Developing countries specially require globalization. Because Indians are very rich in resources of skilled manpower. So Other countries are interested to invest in India. We don’t have that much funds/money to make very huge industries or developments. There is no shame to invite other countries for investing. lot of advantages are there.. mployment,infrastructure development,tourism , foreign exchange and etc.. Even America would be nowhere if globalisation was an imaginary concept never put forward. Half the world’s countries would be reeling in depression right now if not for globalisation. For example, petroleum, most countries are on the verge of depleting their entire reserves and some countries don’t have it at all. Seeing this if not for globalisation the entire world would be left crippled due to the massive energy crisis facing them. while globalisation is necessary it is not sufficient to ensure communities gain from globalisation.
To keep and spread the gains,government must not only reduce barriers to trade and investment, they must also get domestic policies right. Many people may think that globalisation is making poor countries poorer. However the evidence is very convincing that developing countries that globalise grow and reduce poverty level faster than those that do not. For example, recent study of 72 developing countries shows in the 1990’s globalisng developing economies real incomes and output grew faster, on average about 4 times faster, than inward looking economies’ output.