Regular and memory as well as decreased
Regular exercise is very beneficial for the body as well as to the mind. Among the many benefits of exercise for seniors include. Less chances of chronic conditions such as Alzheimer’s, diabetes and coronary heart disease. A reduced risk of high blood pressure, aid in lowering cholesterol levels decreased resting heart rate. promotes an increase in the bone density and reduces the risk of osteoporosis.
Resistance training exercises can also slow or prevent muscle mass decline.Exercise also improves the strength and mobility of the individual, as well as blood circulation, reducing excessive weight, and even helping reduce stress and depression. Older people can benefit from exercises through an improvement in the level of co-ordination, balance and stability, helping reduce the risk of falls, while increasing their ability to meet the demands of daily life. Participation in organised physical activity gives the senior individual the opportunity to interact with their peers, prevent social isolation while providing company and support, in turn elevating their sense of general well-being and quality of life.Exercising improves the flexibility of the individual and allows painless and comfortable movement at the joint, eliminates stiffness improves posture and relieves muscular tension during old age and enhancing their ability to move more independently. LIMITATIONS TO EXERCISE.
Organised physical activity with the elderly needs to be approached with care and caution as There are many limitations to exercise that exist, both physically and physiologically. Limitations include: Within the respiratory system, the heart may not pump as effectively as it once did in their youth. The older heart has a slower rate of pumping blood ut to working muscles and less efficient at supplying adequate oxygen to all parts of body.
Gas exchange in the lungs are reduced, breathing muscles become weakened and a lower blood circulation is noted. Limited range of motion and the gradual decrease in bone density can limit the impact and movements of physical activity. Limitations in mobility can make exercise extremely difficult and the strength decrease with age can compromise general physical functions and slow muscular response. The senior population are less adaptable to temperature change and because of their lower fluid -body ratio they may be more susceptible to dehydration.Shorter attention span and memory as well as decreased sensory abilities such as eyesight and hearing, affecting balance and interfering in successful exercise participation. ADAPTING TO ELDERLY EXERCISE Activity with the elderly should always be supervised and adapted to suit the individuals or group needs.
Exercises should by kept slow and controlled and any commands, demonstrations should be straightforward and follow detailed explanations. Physical activity is held in appropriate setting, ie. Large spacious area with correct lighting and level floor surface.The inclusion of games and making the nature of the activities fun and easy may promote or improve long term exercise compliance. Start with low intensity with regular stretching and strengthening exercises slowly progressing to more dynamic movements. Ensure all abdominal work is done on the floor and not using Swiss ball.
light weights kept to loads of 50% 1RM and cardiovascular intensities kept between 40-70% MHR. Avoid high impact activities and take regular short rest periods encouraging adequate fluid intake. Work within their limitations of ROM.