Thomas More, John Locke, and Thomas Hobbes were all political philosophers of their time. Two prominent English political philosophers have had a profound impact on modern political science. Locke and Hobbes both made contributions to modern political science, and they both had similar views on where power lies in the society. Locke and Hobbes both are in favor of a popular constitution, where the people give their ability to govern to their government. Hobbes has influenced to some degree what can be done a government by the people. Locke has been to most influential in shaping modern politics, the nature of individual rights and the shape of modern constitutions that exist today, and our few of human life.
Hobbes and Locke both break down human motivation down to a primary state of nature, where people are placed to understanding their reactions, motives, and actions. Hobbes argues that desire for power that “man is a wolf to his fellow man,” and the actual state of nature is for man is at war. Locke idea of human life is formed with a diest philosophy, meaning that he recognizes that there is a god but doesn’t espouse any particular religion or dogma behind this being and beings.
Hobbes began Leviathan by describing the “state of nature” where all humans were naturally equal, that all individuals were free to do what he or she needed to do to survive. Locke agreed with Hobbes about the brutality of the state of nature, which required a social contract that natural life, liberty, and poverty existed in the state of nature and could never even voluntarily given up by individuals be taken away or. Locke also disagreed with Hobbes about the social contract. But for Locke, it was not just an agreement with the people, but between them and the king.
Thomas More would be the least of the philosophers out, Locke and Hobbes. More makes clear statements about human nature, the task of education, the origin of society, the quality of the best control, the best way of life, the basis and role of law, and the source and extent of authority.
Utopic and Utopian writing challenge fundamental truths in society and common sense. Utopian writing shows strengths by creating worlds where harmony exists between humans and their surroundings.
Utopia illustrated how and under what conditions conscience could be so useful. It showed a society in which law, social pressure, and conscience converged in the direction of goodness. It also seems to reject the concept of the individualism by placing and constraints on the individual. More challenges the idea of individualism in favor of the community. Utopia society working toward a common goal, then each. More view would be able to fulfill their potential.
To Hobbes, the government can do anything it wants. The people give up their rights to an absolute ruler. The ruler has to be perfect if society is to survive. The significant difference, then, is that Locke envisions a minimal government while Hobbes believes in the need for an absolute monarchy.