Emotional intelligence and emotional intelligence have both
Emotional intelligence Kathy Abram PSY/301 September 12, 2011 T. Lee Burnham Emotional Intelligence Cognitive intelligence and emotional intelligence have both been widely examined in regard to their effects on individual workplace performance. The critical comparison of the two concepts will be the basis of this essay.
Emotional intelligence is important in measuring success in more ways than one. Emotional intelligence has a great deal of importance on one’s work ethic and values.This paper will examine the importance of emotional intelligence in all aspects in life and the difference between traditional cognitive intelligence and emotional intelligence. Finally, the analysis of the use of emotional intelligence concepts in work life, home life, and personal life will be addressed. The differences between traditional cognitive intelligence and emotional intelligence Traditional cognitive intelligence is where one uses their intellectual skills. These skills include not only logic, reading, and writing, but also analyzing and prioritizing.
However, cognitive intelligence abilities do not include any skills that you use to perform duties or tasks on your own. “Emotional intelligence is defined as a set of competencies demonstrating the ability one has to recognize his or her behaviors, moods, and impulses, and to manage them best according to the situation” (Goleman,1995, p. 44).
Emotional intelligence is considered to involve emotional empathy, as well as attention to and the ability to recognize one’s emotions accurately. It also enables to you to recognize others moods and manage your mood or your emotional response appropriately and adaptively (Goleman, 1995).Emotional intelligence is the ability to identify, understand, and manage emotions. Emotional intelligence is composed of five dimensions. The first is self awareness or the ability to know how to detect what you are feeling. The second is self-management or the ability to manage one’s own emotions and impulses. The third is self-motivation or the ability to persist in the face of the setbacks and failures.
The fourth is empathy or the ability to sense how others are feeling. The fifth and final is social skills or the ability to handle the emotions of others.Emotional intelligence can be of extreme importance within organizations and can play an important role in job performance especially where it applies to employee behavior. Therefore, it is important to have a balance of emotional intelligence and cognitive intelligence.
According to Goleman, emotional intelligence is just as important to a person’s success as cognitive intelligence (Goleman, 1995). The use of emotional intelligence concepts in work life, home life, and personal life There is a growing interest in the concepts of emotional intelligence, and with the gap between what we know and what we need to know.According to Goleman we should “inquire as to what emotional intelligence is, how it differs from other established constructs within psychology, whether or not it can be develop, whether or not is should be measured at all, and how it relates to ethics”(Goleman, 1995, p. 45). Emotional intelligence can be used in predicting work success by using specific criteria to measure success.
(Goleman,1995). Also, according to Goleman, traditional cognitive intelligence has not been a predictor of work success (Goleman, 1995, p. 45). Emotional intelligence is important to human interaction because of emotional experiences.
For example, managers must supervise people, and they must effectively handle situations and motivate their employees to get the best out of them. However, if manager has a high IQ and low emotional intelligence he or she will not be successful because he does not have the social skills and empathy to deal with people in a positive manner. Another example is that a person will not be successful in his or her career if he or she is incapable of effectively handling situations with coworkers.
Handling stressful situations with coworkers in a friendly and open manner is a trait of emotional intelligence. ConclusionThe importance of emotional intelligence and traditional cognitive intelligence has been addressed in this paper. Cognitive intelligence measures your ability to learn and emotional intelligence measures your ability to adapt to social situations. Both types of intelligence are very important in achieving success and the most successful possess both. However, having a healthy emotional intelligence is very important in order for human beings to live happy and successful lives. Reference Goleman, D.
(1995). Emotional intelligence: Why it can matter more than IQ. New York-Toronto-London-Sydney-Auckland: Bantam Books.