### Mathematical model A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language

Mathematical model

A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language. The process of developing a mathematical model is termed mathematical modelling. Mathematical models are used in the natural sciences (such as physics, biology, earth science, chemistry) and engineering disciplines (such as computer science, electrical engineering), as well as in the social sciences (such as economics, psychology, sociology, political science). A model may help to explain a system and to study the effects of different components, and to make predictions about behaviour.

In this research, the mathematical model will be developed considering the critical parameter that effect the loading at the ram cylinder. Preliminarily, the critical parameters are (but not limited to):

i. Boom self-weight

ii. Boom Angle / geometry

iii. Ram Cylinder self-weight

iv. Ram cylinder angle / geometry

v. Load under the hook