Deviant paper explores the reasons deviant behavior occurs,
Deviant 1. How Deviant Behavior Affects Society Deviant 2.
Abstract: This paper focuses on the causes and effects of deviant behavior in society. People are not born delinquent, this is a learned behavior developed through societal effect and cause. Deviance is a socially influenced or affected behavior.This paper explores the reasons deviant behavior occurs, offers examples of deviants’ effects on society in many different ways and proposes that the effects of deviant behavior, which often start in childhood, at the familial level, have long lasting far stretching effects that endanger society, or harm society, more so than what is apparent at first glance. Furthermore, this paper concludes that more treatment in earlier years or elimination of root causes could decrease deviant behavior in society at large. Deviant 3.
How Deviant Behavior Affects SocietyDysfunctional families, those families that exist in conflict, in chaos, in abusive situations and those unhealthy or abnormal are more likely to produce juvenile delinquent behaviors in youth. The changing nature of the family unit in America increases the likelihood for juvenile delinquency to occur in the United States. As shown here, a series of studies and examples offer proof that the likelihood that a higher level of adult delinquent behavior is caused by delinquent behavior patterns learned or ingrained during the juvenile years.These behavioral patterns, as will be shown in this paper, are more likely to manifest themselves in juveniles that succumb to peer pressure or are affected by dysfunctional family situations than are those children who live routine, typical lives in what is considered the nuclear family including father, mother, etc.
“Family context has been identified as a central domain in the study of delinquency, particularly during early childhood. As youth enter adolescence peer associations become a much stronger influence.Using a sample of pre-adolescent youth, this research examines the effect of family and peer relationships on delinquency. Specifically, path analysis is used to test the effects of family structure, parental supervision, and parental attachment on serious delinquent behavior to determine if a youth’s family life has a unique effect on serious delinquent behavior, or if familial relationships are mediated by peer Deviant 4. associations.
Findings suggest that parental variables are indirectly related to subsequent, serious delinquency, whereas delinquent peer association exerts a strong, direct effect.The study offers insight into the roles that a youth’s family life and peer associations play in explaining delinquent behavior. ” (Ingram J. R. , Patchin, J. W.
, Huebner, B. M. , McCluskey, J. D.
, Bynum, T. S. , 2007) While studies validate the theory that delinquent behaviors adopted in juveniles often occur due to outside pressure from family members, peers, and authority figures, the question remains: are more juveniles affected due to socio-economic causes, and if so, is it because the poor in society are more likely to have a dysfunctional family hierarchy?Claims that single-parent households produce delinquents fit well with several theories.
Some assume that children learn how to become adults by association with parents of their own sex. Boys reared without a resident father, according to this assumption, would be deprived of the association necessary for appropriate maturation. As a result, children are said to overreact by asserting masculinity through delinquent behavior.This opinion has been buttressed by reports suggesting that typical delinquents lack the guidance of a father. (Family Encyclopedia, 2010) Deviant 5.
If both families and economic pressures affected development of the youth in so far as their likelihood to succumb to adopting a philosophy and practice of reacting to their environment in a delinquent manner, the question remains as to how important peer pressure is in regards to forming negative patterns in the behavior of a youth that most often carry over into adulthood.If a mother abuses a child and that child goes on to be both a juvenile and adult delinquent based on a pattern learned at a young level, can not a friend inflict the same kind of abuse so as to cause a delinquent behavior later in life? If the fact that you are poor, broke, in a single family, and so forth, can cause patterns that cause a person to behave in a delinquent manner for years to come, affecting society for years, can simple peer pressure, bullying, childish ignorance inflict wounds that do not heal and affect society in a negative way for many, many years? The behavior of one’s peers is a robust correlate of delinquency: studies consistently find that individuals who engage in delinquency also have peers who engage in delinquency. This relationship has typically been explained as the result of conformity to norms operating within an individual’s peer group, implicitly assuming that individuals accurately perceive the norms of their group.
This assumption is challenged by research documenting systematic errors that occur when Deviant 6. estimating norms.While a large literature explores how misperception influences behavior, few studies have systematically modeled the effect of misperception. To address this lack of research, estimation of norms in peer social networks is investigated using 1,046 respondents from two waves of the Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement (NSCR) School Project. A model is proposed where delinquency results partly from the misperception of peer group norms, and conformity to, incorrectly estimated norms.Findings indicate that misperception of peer behavior has a robust effect on the delinquency of an individual, net of individual and situational characteristics and the actual behavior of the individual’s peers. In addition, the effect of misperception on future behavior is strongest for those who engage in low levels of delinquency and place a high importance on social acceptance.
” (Young, J. T. , Weerman, F.
M. , 2010)Only by understanding the root causes of delinquency can the criminal justice system divine a means and method to eliminate or at least stem the deviant behavior. If one does not understand how a motor works, one cannot fix it when it breaks down.
Criminal justice requires an understanding of psychopathy, its foundations, root causes and social impacts must be considered for any criminal justice systems to be effective in either treatment or Deviant 7. punishment.By addressing the causes of juvenile delinquency, we address the most common source of adult delinquency. More juvenile delinquents become adult delinquents than do juveniles that do not exhibit the delinquent behaviors. If more juvenile delinquents come from the lower socio-economic caste, from dysfunctional families and from groups of children more affected by peer pressure, should not the criminal justice system examine these causes more thoroughly so that they can better educate themselves on the causes of the problem and equip themselves to eliminate them? Through an understanding of causes of juvenile delinquency society may come to deal preventively with delinquency; certainly treatment of the offender needs to be based upon an understanding of the causal mechanisms that have produced him. In this paper we’ll describe three theories of juvenile delinquency such as Social Learning Theory, General Strain Theory and Behavioral Theory and discuss appropriate preventive programs based upon these theories. ” (Sandon, A.
2010) Dealing preventatively with delinquency is always the best path when it comes to the criminal justice system.After all, if you can treat the causes of delinquent behavior and eliminate the crimes before they happen, isn’t that a much better path for everyone involved, than a crime and punishment system than a crime and punishment system that punishes delinquents after the crime is Deviant 8. done? The fact of the matter is, criminal justice in and of itself should be prevented by nature. Punishment should be designed to prevent future occurrences of deviant behavior. Punishment should be designed to prevent crimes from occurring based on a negative Pavlovian stigmata behavioral system.We punish criminals and make this punishment publicly known to derail potential criminals from committing similar crimes based on a fear of getting a similar punishment.
If we can find the root causes of the need to commit crimes in the first place and can treat and prevent them, crime itself can be reduced. Studies have proven that juvenile delinquents, or youth or adolescents that develop delinquent behavioral patterns are more likely to commit crimes later in their lives. It only makes sense that behavioral patterns developed early on would resurface later in life.Furthermore, as explored here, juveniles from low income homes, single parent families and dysfunctional families and those children more affected by their peers are more likely to become juvenile and adult delinquents. Therefore, if we can identify this and can prove that more juvenile delinquents become adult delinquents, we find a link between adult delinquency and its most likely root cause.
What we need is verification that more juvenile delinquents become criminals in their adult lives. “Adolescents maltreated early in life were absent from school more Deviant 9. than 1.
as many days, were less likely to anticipate attending college compared with nonmaltreated adolescents, and had levels of aggression, anxiety/depression, dissociation, posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, social problems, thought problems, and social withdrawal that were on average more than three quarters of an SD higher than those of their nonmaltreated counterparts. The findings held after controlling for family and child characteristics correlated with maltreatment. Conclusions: Early physical maltreatment predicts adolescent psychological and behavioral problems, beyond the effects of other factors associated with maltreatment.Undetected early physical maltreatment in community populations represents a major problem worthy of prevention. ” (Lansford, J. , PhD, Dodge, K. , PhD, Pettit, G.
, PhD, Bates, J. PhD, Crozier, J. MPM, Kaplow, J. PhD. , 2010) So in conclusion, we can surmise that if we can eradicate or isolate juveniles affected by a dysfunctional family situation, those most affected by their economic situations and those most affected by fears, the criminal justice system can develop a preventative philosophy that can do more to eliminate Deviant 10. rime than any punishment system ever could.
Any means necessary to address these problems should be adopted and implemented. Studies and theories should be implemented to address this situation. If the American government can bail out billionaire bankers, generate stimulus’s to save lobbyist unions jobs and address health care needs, certainly the link between juvenile delinquencies causes, the higher rate of juvenile delinquents becoming adult delinquents and crime itself can be addressed. Deviant 11. References 1 Ingram J. R.
, Patchin, J.W. , Huebner, B. M. , McCluskey, J.
D. , Bynum, T. S. (2007).
Parents, Friends, and Serious Delinquency. Criminal Justice Review. http://cjr. sagepub. com/cgi/content/refs/32/4/380 Family Encyclopedia.
(2010). Juvenile Delinquency – Family Structure. http://family. jrank. org/pages/1006/Juvenile-Delinquency-Family-Structure. html Young, J. T.
, Weerman, F. M. (2010). Misperception of Peer Delinquency and Its Consequences: Examining the Microfoundations of Social Influence and Delinquency. Social Networks, Crime and Delinquency. http://students.
ashington. edu/jtny/Academic/Networks_&_Delinquency. html Sandon, A. (2010). Juvenile Delinquency Theories. Articles Base.
http://www. articlesbase. com/law-articles/juvenile-delinquency-theories-67589. html Deviant 12.
Lansford, J. , PhD, Dodge, K. , PhD, Pettit, G.
, PhD, Bates, J. PhD, Crozier, J. MPM, Kaplow, J.
PhD. (2010). A 12-Year Prospective Study of the Long-term Effects of Early Child Physical Maltreatment on Psychological, Behavioral, and AcademicProblems in Adolescence. http://www.
ncbi. nlm. nih. gov/pmc/articles/PMC2756659/