lations new type of crime. Criminals engaged in
lations of federalcriminal law; to protect the U.S. from foreign intelligence and terroristactivities; to provide leadership and law enforcement assistance tofederal, state, local, and international agencies; and to perform theseresponsibilities in a manner that is responsive to the needs of the publicand is faithful to the constitution of the U.
S.: this is the mission of theFederal Bureau of Investigation.The agency now known as the Federal Bureau of Investigation was founded in1908 when the Attorney General appointed an unnamed force of Special Agentsto be the investigative force of the Department of Justice (DOJ).
Beforethat time, the DOJ had to borrow Agents from the U.S. Secret Service toinvestigate violations of federal criminal laws within its jurisdiction.
In1909, the Special Agent Force was renamed the Bureau of Investigation, andafter a series of name changes, it received its present official name in1935.During the early period of the FBIs history, its agents investigatedviolations of mainly bankruptcy frauds, antitrust crime, and neutralityviolation. During World War One, the Bureau was given the responsibility ofinvestigating espionage, sabotage, sedition (resistance against lawfulauthority), and draft violations. The passage of the National Motor VehicleTheft Act in 1919 further broadened the Bureau’s jurisdiction.After the passage of Prohibition in 1920, the gangster era began, bringingabout a whole new type of crime. Criminals engaged in kidnapping and bankrobbery, which were not federal crimes at that time.
This changed in 1932with the passage of a federal kidnapping statute. In 1934, many otherfederal criminal statutes were passed, and Congress gave Special Agents theauthority to make arrests and to carry firearms.The FBIs size and jurisdiction during the second World War increasedgreatly and included intelligence matters in South America. With the end ofthat war, and the arrival of the Atomic Age, the FBI began conductingbackground security investigations for the White House and other governmentagencies, as well as probes into internal security matters for theexecutive branch of the government.
In the 1960s, civil rights and organized crime became major concerns of theFBI, and counterterrorism, drugs, financial crime, and violent crimes inthe 1970s. These are still the major concerns of the FBI, only now it is toa greater extent..With all of this responsibility, it is logical to say that the FBI is afield-oriented organization. They have nine divisions and four offices atFBI Headquarters in Washington, D.
C. These divisions and offices providedirection and support services to 56 field offices and approximately 10,100Special Agents and 13,700 other employees. Each FBI field office isoverseen by a Special Agent in Charge, except for those located in New YorkCity and Washington, D.C. Due to their large size, those offices are eachmanaged by an Assistant Director in Charge.
FBI field offices conduct their official business both directly from theirheadquarters and through approximately 400 satellite offices, known asresident agencies. The FBI also operates specialized field installations:two Regional Computer Support Centers; one in Pocatello, Idaho, and one inFort Monmouth, New Jersey — and two Information technology Centers (ITCs);one at Butte, Montana, and one at Savannah, Georgia. The ITCs provideinformation services to support field investigative and administrativeoperations.Because they do have so much responsibility, their investigative authorityis the broadest of all federal law enforcement agencies. The FBI alsostresses long term, complex investigation, emphasize close relations andinformation sharing with other federal, state, local, and foreign lawenforcement and intelligence agencies. A significant number of FBIinvestigations are conducted with other law enforcement agencies or as partof joint task forces.
As part of this process, the FBI has divided its investigations into thefollowing programs:Applicant Program Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory CommissionApplicants Department of justice Candidates FBI Special Agents and SupportApplicants and othersCivil Rights Program Civil Rights Act of 1964 Discrimination in HousingEqual Credit Opportunity ActCounterterrorism Program Hostage taking Sabotage Attempted of ActualBombings and othersFinancial Crime Program Bank Fraud and Embezzlement Environmental CrimesFraud Against the Government and othersForeign Counterintelligence Programs Espionage Foreign CounterintelligenceMatters Organized Crime/Drug Program Drug Matters Money Laundering OrganizedCrime/Drug Enforcement Task Force Matters and othersViolent Crimes and Major Offenders Program Theft of Government PropertyCrime Aboard Aircraft Kidnapping – Extortion and othersThese programs cover most everything that the FBI investigates, and someindividual cases in a program often receives extensive investigativeattention because of their size, potential impact, or sensitivity.Because FBI Special Agents are responsible for handling so many differentthings, they have to go through rigorous training in the following areas:Academics, Firearms, Physical Training/Defense Tactics, and PracticalExercises. Within these four major areas are components like interviewingtechniques, communications, computer skills, and drug investigations.Altogether there are 15 components in the four areas I listed previously.They receive all of this training at the FBI academy in Quantico, Virginiaand must complete 645 hours (15 weeks) of instruction before they graduate.The training in the academy is difficult, but those who have made it therehave already passed the first test. To qualify for training as an FBIAgent, you must be:1.
a U.S. citizen 2. between the ages of 23 and 37 when entering on duty;3. hold a bachelors degree obtained in an accredited four-year residentprogram at a college or university; and 4.
have three years full-time workexperience, or fluency in a language for which the Bureau has a need for.After graduation from the FBI Academy, a new Special Agent is assigned toan FBI field office. This assignment is determined by the individualsspecial skills and the needs of the bureau. As part of their duties,Special Agents are required to relocate during their careers. SpecialAgents enter service in Grade GS 10 on the federal governments GeneralSchedule pay scale and can advance to Grade 13 in field assignment.In our society today, one of the most important things to us is our safety.Organizations like the FBI help protect us and investigate crimes to helpprevent future ones.
Their motto is Fidelity, Bravery, and Integrity, and Ithink that each one of those words is justified when it comes to describingthe Federal Bureau of Investigation. When the duties of the FBI are statedin the mission it says to perform these duties in a manner that isresponsive to the needs of the public and is faithful to the Constitutionof the United States.Bibliographyencarta.com