The extend and impact of involuntary childlessness is felt mostly on pronatalist cultures
The extend and impact of involuntary childlessness is felt mostly on pronatalist cultures. India is a pronatal society, a type of social functioning that guarantees respect and social dignity by conception and childbearing. These types of societies also have negate childless couples in social and emotional manners. Even though this condition is not immediately life threatening, it creates a sense of negativity, loss of autonomy , functioning and mental health in the long term. The impact is seen across various domains of the individual.
The lack of uniform definitions about infertility has been one the main difficulties faced by researchers. (Schmidt & Munster, 1995; Kols & Nguyen, 1997). WHO 2002 explains infertilty as the trouble faced by an individual for achieving pregnancy by a person of having a fulfilled relationship for a period of two years without the utilization of contraceptives. There is an absence of a settled meaning of barrenness, other than the reasonable translation taken after by the WHO. Infertility can be said as a group of heterogeneous conditions contributing to one’s inability to have a child,Marchbanks et al’,1989.