Slavery has been known as one of America’s darkest moments in history
Slavery has been known as one of America’s darkest moments in history. Although slavery was abolished on Dec. 15th 1866, thanks to the 13th amendment ,unknown to the freed slaves they would soon be put through something much worst then slavery. The white southerners began to implicate many new laws, such as Black Codes, Pig law, that helped in creating Convict leasing. Also the Jim Crow laws would later be implemented. All this was possible because of a small clause in our 13th amendment “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.” A few of the people that helped in making obstacles and convict leasing possible as well as the laws where, B.B Comer, J.W Comer, Andrew Johnson, John T. Miller and Jim Crow.
Black Codes were basically made to send ex-slaves back there plantations. Although some new laws did give blacks there right to get married, sue and be sued, be case witnesses and the right to own guns they varied from state to state. In some states they were given a curfew, and had to be off the streets by a certain time, they weren’t allowed within city limits without authorization, they were limited in trade and legalized whipping as a way of correcting workers . In Mississippi they went as far as not selling them land except in certain towns. The worst law was the vagrants and vagrancy. People that were considered vagrants could be hired out to chain gangs, and their wages would be sent to the county treasury fund poor houses or the house of corrections. Also people that were accused of being vagrants were given a trial, and if they were found to in fact be deemed a vagrant then they were fined fifty dollars, if the person could not pay then they were sentenced to six months in jail, or they would be incarcerated until their fine could be paid. This law stated that people found to be vagrant could be hired out to work, instead of going to jail.
Convict leasing began in Alabama in 1846 lasting till 1928,