The of powers, as it creates a critical
The word corrupt (Middle English, from Latin corruptus, past participle of corrumpere, to abuse or destroy : com-, intensive pref. and rumpere, to break) when used as an adjective literally means “utterly broken”. 1 Politics Main article: Political corruption Political corruption is the abuse of public power, office, or resources by elected government officials for personal gain, e.
g. by extortion, soliciting or offering bribes2 It can also take the form of office holders maintaining themselves in office by purchasing votes by enacting laws which use taxpayer money. 3 Systemic corruption, the complete subversion of a political or economic system. Governmental corruption of judiciary is broadly known in many transitional and developing countries because the budget is almost completely controlled by the executive. The latter undermines the separation of powers, as it creates a critical financial dependence of the judiciary. The proper national wealth distribution including the government spending on the judiciary is subject of the constitutional economics.
It is important to distinguish between the two methods of corruption of the judiciary: the government (through budget planning and various privileges), and the private. 4 edit Police Main article: Police corruption Police corruption is a specific form of police misconduct designed to obtain financial benefits, other personal gain, and/or career advancement for a police officer or officers in exchange for not pursuing, or selectively pursuing, an investigation or arrest.One common form of police corruption is soliciting and/or accepting bribes in exchange for not reporting organized drug or prostitution rings or other illegal activities. Another example is police officers flouting the police code of conduct in order to secure convictions of suspects — for example, through the use of falsified evidence. More rarely, police officers may deliberately and systematically participate in organized crime themselves. In most major cities, there are internal affairs sections to investigate suspected police corruption or misconduct.
Similar entities include the British Independent Police Complaints Commission. Philosophy Frequently in philosophical discussions, corruption takes the form of contrasting a pure spiritual form with a corrupted manifestation in the physical world. Many philosophers, in fact, have regarded the physical world as inevitably corrupt (Platocitation needed being the most famous example of this school of thought). The Book of Genesis 6:12 similarly describes a world before the flood where ‘everyone on earth was corrupt’ (NLT).Another philosophical use of the term “corruption” is in opposition to “generation,” as in Aristotle’s book On Generation and Corruption also known as On Coming to Be and Passing Away. citation needed In this sense, corruption is the process of ceasing to exist and is closely related to the concept of dying given certain views about the nature of living things.
In a moral sense, corruption generally refers to decadence or hedonism. In theological or political debates, certain viewpoints are sometimes accused of being corruptions of orthodox systems of belief, which is to say, they are accused of having deviated from some older correct view.ROLE OF EDUCATION FOR ERADICATING CORRUPTION I wanted to begin this blog like a school essay”What would I do if I become the Vice Chancellor of Madras University”. It is just another way of saying how I want to modify the existing system at Higher levels of Education. A rough reading of my previous blog on corruption would enlighten you on what everyone thinks of Education. Quite astonishingly, education seems to have very low esteem in the eyes of the general public.
There was a time long back in the hoary past when Avvaiyar said-Ennum ezhthum kannena thagum(Numbers and alphabets are like the two eyes);a time when people in the west believed that one educated man in every home is enough to bring prosperity to society; a time when Gandhiji said ,educate a woman and you educate a whole family. There are countless couplets written by Thiruvalluvar on the value and importance of education and a million in sanskrit on how ethics in adminsitration is a serious study on its own. What is panchtantra and who wrote it and for whose sake?Panchatantra is the five secrets of administration taught to the dull princes who wouldn’t study.
So through stories, the teacher,Vishnu Sharma in 2nd century BC, instills the value of good governance and the principles behind adminisration- So, the five principles or practices illustrated by Panchatantra are – ‘Mitra Bhedha’ ‘Mitra Laabha’ ‘Suhrudbheda’ ‘Vigraha’ ‘Sandhi’ These were generally taught as prose papers but in this case, the teacher has used the popular story mode to keep the attention of his audience; the wayward princes.Now, after having come a long way from a past that boasts of excellence in teaching ‘how to rule” from Chanakya’s needhi (India)and techniques of administration from Machiavilli’s strictures(west); all which impress upon the fact that “Ruling is an Art that has to be studied like any other subject… ” , What do we have today? I write a blog on the importance of Education for able understanding of good administration and I get nearly half a dozen comments saying it is not important.
Now like Avinashjee, I feel like uprooting my hair. LOLZ.Well, I take it that our people are not responding to the concept of Education as what I have it mind. They probably think of it as Medical science paper,Engineering papers, BSc Computer Sc, BSc Mathematics and BBM, where teachers teach only that subject.
So the students have a head full of assimilated informaton on how to do this and that. Yet they do not have in their texts,any thing even remotely related to adminstration. So when they enter the polical arena as “educated” people, they are as uneducated green horns to administrative ethics as an “uneducated” person.Therefore, they are as prone to misrule(or in this case- corruption) as any other. Those days only Kings got to rule the country and so only they studied it. Today, anyone can become a prime minister or chief minister, given appropriate circumstances,so every one should study it.
If all citizens of India can exercise their franchise freely, i. e,vote; then by the same logic it also ensues that all citizens have the inherent right to rule,if they so desire. Forming the Government is not the prerogative of the congress alone, or is it?Assuming that the common man, if he so desires can reach there,it becomes incumbent on the part of the Universtiy to equip him with the right kind of Nidhi shastras that would help him later in life(just in case). So I envisage the Undergraduate courses, of being more expansive.
Instead of superfluous subjects in their first year like Hindi and English,(or in addition to them) they should have a paper titled INDIA- It should not contain any sentimental stuff. It should contain our National Income and the way taxes are collected and public money redsitributed.It should contain our foreign policiies – Our troubles with pakistan and china too. It should contain some news titbit on NPT and what we are doing about it.
It should contain the water disputes and the boundary disputes betwen states. The terrorist problem , Naxal problems should find a place there along with a cartload of trouble that awaits a future PM(in case you become one). It should contain a bird’s eye view of the laws of good governance, that is accepted world wide. When all this comes about, people who use divertive tactics will not be given a hearing when they preach linguistic fervour, or religious ones.It will be summarily rejected outright as deviation from good governance. When I say education, I mean all this that I have mentioned.
Every indivdual ought to possess the self awareness of where we live, and an ability for responsible discussion on what we should do to extract the maximum joy of living there. Above all the individual’s natural curiosity ought to be so ripe that it helps him collect information about the world from the radio. tv and newspapers and develop a clear sense of what is expected from a ‘Leader’ and from a common ‘Citizen’.That should comprise part of good education. What we have today, is a bunch of looney crowd clamouring to earn lots of money, have fun at discotheques, talk of films and cricket and waste a good part of their money and energy on self-induldgence. The thinking of the modern generation is clearly disoriented because nobody seems to take responsibility to shape their minds.
The habit of teachers to linger on topics unrelated to the subject at hand,a chat on culture or ethics, on men and matters, during the last few minutes before the bell has gone. It is a mad rush and we cannot blame them entirely.Therefore I consider this “INDIA” paper something that should be made mandatory; a MUST inclusion in the syllabi of every Indian undergraduate. It would make Education, a body that promotes general awareness and an ability to reign if we could(what in common parlance is “Leadership qualities”). After having come out of his course of study, one ought to come all shaped and shining , not only as a scientist or a teacher but someone with a strong social responsibility. It is only in the hands of our educationists that the future of the indian mind can be shaped and it should be done with care.The main idea is trying ways and means to cultivate a sense of unity towards a common past that we have shared during these sixty years of post Independent Era; to cultivate feelings of One India -one people consciousness by transforming our weaknesses into strength.
For example, if we consider diverse languages and diverse religions as a block that holds us from being one, we are weak. Whereas, if we get people to learn each other’s language and write poems praising each other’s regional distinctness, we endear ourselves to each other and this helps glue the two together.If we consider every religion as reverent and work within that framework, without showing any favour or mercy to wrongdoers anywhere, we really earn the confidence of every community. Today everyone feels endangered , including those of the majority religion(ie Hindus); again it is a result of bad governance and nothing else. A proper exercise of wisdom alone can turn the tables to our favour.
If the education system is streamlined so that it openly attempts to give the students “real” education and not a mere collection of assorted FACTS…
. , we are into the activity of building the nation.