Ramses II ( of Ramesses II , about before February 21, 1303 – before July 1213 or August) Ancient Egyptian Nineteenth Dynasty pharaoh (circa May 31, 1279 – about 1213 BC (July or August reign), its ruling period is the last powerful era of the new kingdom of Egypt. The son of Pharaoh Seth I. 1-2
Ramesses II conducted a series of expeditions to restore Egyptian rule over Palestine . He had a conflict of interest in Syria with Hittite , another powerful empire of the same time . The two sides had a famous battle in 1299 ( Casila battle ). In the previous 1283, it signed a peace agreement with Hittite Kingdom.
About 1258, the king of the Hittite kingdom passed away and the new King Hadushile III took over. The two countries concluded a peace treaty and became military alliances. The Egyptian Hittite Peace Treaty is arguably the first famous international agreement in history. Both the Egyptian text and the Hittite text were preserved and were discovered by modern archaeologists.
Perhaps due to concerns about Hittite’s military power, Ramesses II ordered the construction of a new city in the north-eastern Nile Delta and named it Peel-Lamis (meaning Rameses ‘ home).
Ramesses II may be Egypt’s most famous pharaoh . His enthusiasm for large-scale civil engineering has left his mark on all parts of Egypt : he built many temples in Abidos and Rameshim ; he added new structures to the Karnak Temple and Luxor Temple ; he built The magnificent Abu Simbel Temple . Many buildings built by former pharaohs were also engraved with his name. Ramesses II has an equally large family.
Ramses II is undoubtedly one of the most important pharaohs in Egyptian history . However, the era of his reign was already on the eve of the decline of Egypt . The country’s huge expenses have accelerated the decline of national power. After Ramosis II died, Egypt began to decline.
When he passed away at the age of 91, he became the representative of Egypt