Occupying less than 2% of the world’s surface
Occupying less than 2% of the world’s surface, tropical forests are a natural habitat for more than 50% of the Earth’s plants and animals.
Tropical forests exist all over the world: from northern Alaska and Canada to Latin America, Asia and Africa.
On every continent of the Earth except for Antarctica there are tropical forests.
There are 2 main types of tropical forests: temperate tropics and permanent tropics.
The highest temperature in the tropics is reached on the territory of the North American Pacific coast.
Once upon a time the temperate tropics existed on every continent of our planet, but now only 50% of these forests are preserved all over the world.
Facts about tropical forests as part of the global environment:
Tropics act as a kind of thermostat, regulating the temperature and weather changes.
One-fifth of the world’s supply of clean water is contained in the Amazon basin.
Tropics support the world’s supply of drinking water.
Facts about the rich life and the most important resources that the tropics share with us:
On the territory of 6.5 square meters there are about 1500 species of flowering plants, 750 species of trees, 400 species of birds and 150 species of butterflies.
Tropics supply us with such important resources as wood, coffee, cocoa, various medical materials, including cancer remedies.
According to the National Cancer Institute, 70% of plants growing in the tropics have anti-cancer properties.
Facts about the possible dangers facing tropical forests, local people and living creatures in the tropics:
In the year 1500 AD. e. There were about 6 million natives living in the Amazon rainforest. But along with the forests, their inhabitants began to disappear. In the early 1900s, there were less than 250,000 natives living in the Amazonian forests.
As a result of the disappearance of the tropics, only 673 million hectares of tropical forests remained on Earth.
Given the rate of disappearance of the tropics, 5-10% of tropical species of animals and plants will disappear every decade.
Virtually 90% of the 1.2 billion people living in poverty depend on tropical forests.
57% of the world’s tropics are located in the territory of developing countries.
Every second from the face of the Earth, a piece of tropical forest equal in size to the football field disappears. So, on the day of disappearing 86,400 “football fields”, and a year more than 31 million.