Memoni culture Humanities Assignment center850008549640November 7
center850008549640November 7, 2018
1648151 1000000November 7, 2018
The Memon community became founded in the 15th century by way of 700 households comprising 6,178 peoples general. According to Anthovan, those Lohanas of Thatta who transformed to Islam became Memons and have been invited by way of Rao Khengarji Jadeja, ruler of Bhuj within the sixteenth century, to settle in Bhuj. It is from that point that Kutchi Memons relocated to Kathiawar and terrain Gujarat. Surat in Gujarat became a critical buying and selling center from 1580 to 1680 and Memons made their bounty there. Memons have become drastically affluent because of buying and selling in Surat. (Wikipedia Source)
The progenitors of present-day Memons who settled a couple of hundreds of years prior in different parts of the regions of India, especially Kathiawar (now Saurashtra). Memons are divided into many groups from where their ancestors lived in these villages. e.g. Vasavadi, Bantva, Dhoraji, Halari, Jamnagar, Jetpur, Gondal, Kutyyana, Okhai, Upleta, Vanthali etc. now in present they named themselves as: Halari Memon, Vasavad Memon, Upleta Memon, Jamnagar Memon and soo on.
Why calling them Memons?
Why Memons called Memons? Why not other words for them? Answer is that the term Memon talk about to a generally Muslim people group from the western section of South Asia, incorporating Memons verifiably connected with Kathiawar. It can likewise associate to Kutchi Memons and Sindhi Memons. They are related with the Memoni language. Numerous Memons moved to Karachi after the Partition of India in 1947.Here we have two theories about them from the source (http://www.as-sidq.org/memoni/who_are_the_memons.htm)There are two unconfirmed speculations, as per Sayad Amir-ud-noise Nuzhat (1873) – In mid fifteenth century A.D close Nagar-Thatta, amid the standard of Markab Khan of Samma administration (A.D. 1351-1521), a few Hindu families acknowledged Islam from a very much regarded Sufi Sheik who had given this clan another name Mu’amin and additional time the name corrupted to Memon. If this hypothesis is acknowledged, at that point the Memons were initially Hindu. Second hypothesis is that as indicated by Karim Baksh Khalid is that Certain troopers of Arab clan of Banu Tamim, of Qatif, close Ta’if, came to Sindh alongside Muhammad receptacle Qasim, they were known as Maymenah, right-wingers in the armed force, and later this word was tainted to Memons. If this hypothesis is acknowledged, at that point the Memons were initially Arabs.
Successful Memons Around the World
Abdul Sattar EdhiAdamjee Haji DawoodArif HabibBilquis EdhiGhulam Muhammad A. FectoMustafa Hanif BalagamwalaMaria MemonSamad DawoodSiddiq IsmailMuhammad Ilyas QadriHussain DawoodSeth Hoosen Kasam Dad
Religion and Language
329311021399500Most of them are Sunni Muslims and Followed by the Hanafi Fiqah.
Previously, because of their migration to the neighboring regions of Kutch and Kathiawar and their excessive use of the Gujrati language in their businesses, they used to speak the Sindhi language, their language developed into an unwritten dialect called Memoni. Memon companies kept their books, records and business documents in Gujrati until the 1970s. By the end of the 20th century, Memoni underwent some changes in Pakistan and elsewhere because of the Urdu language, because Urdu was widely accepted and used as an Islamic language by Muslims in the Indian subcontinent.
Memoni is disused and it is unlikely that the younger generation will learn it as their mother tongue for several reasons:
Language learning tools, the disappearance of Gujarati in Pakistan.Many parents of the second generation do not know their mother tongue.
Fear that some Urdu speakers are discriminated against or ridiculed.
496252522796500Life style/ Cultural Tradition
Most Memons are spiritual and family headed, and their lives are deeply frozen in Muslim tradition. Almost all marriages are still organized by folks, in the past, bride and groom did not even meet until night of wedding. Now, many families allow meeting of couple with supervised appeal before and once the engagement. The degree to which the youngsters are consulted depends on the family, a matchmaker, an older girl, sometimes is used for an appropriate search. Womenfolk generally play necessary role in choice and negotiation of wedding arrangements. The negotiation generally includes whether the couple can keep with groom’s parent or have their own accommodation. How the weeding can be supported United Nations agency pays what. Pre-partition, a groom must provide vesture, jewellery to bride however these days, the situation is reversed. Nowadays contrary to Muslim tradition, sometimes bride family must endure outrage expenditure to finance the marriage, some cases this amount to a dower. The pre-wedding ceremonies include easy engagement party, generally participated by womenfolk solely. A simple wedding religious ritual, without any procession, generally take place at an outstanding masjid within the town solely men participate, consent of bride is legally needed at the ceremony that usually obtained by her legal representative before the ceremony. In the past the weddings were simple, that may embrace a marriage procession referred to as Milad, the singing of nasheeds without any musical instruments. Nowadays the weddings typically elaborate typically consists of a dozen of totally different gatherings with inessential and outrage expense.
Man having more than one better half, divorce and marriage of younger woman to older man are rare. Marriage between the shut relative is discourage and forced and kid marriages are unparalleled. Memons rarely married outside their subgroup (jamaat).
According to folklore, the blessings of the Islamic saint Sayad Kadiri upon the Memons area unit accountable for their success in business and trade. A more pragmatic clarification for their success is that Memon are traditionally thought-about honest brokers. Following commercial caste model, Memons also supply support community members in monetary matters by giving loans and providing business help. The community annually celebrates 11 Apr as “Memons Day” through acts of humanitarian service.
Broker Tradesman/ Businessman
Due to the mercantile nature of the community, Memons began a significant migration on the far side the borders of Bharat in 18th- and 19th-centuries. This led to communities developing in the geographical area, South Africa, Sri Lanka and East Asia. Memon traders set up a network of joint stock companies acting in coordination with different members in a section starting from Central Africa to China. Memon donors made important monetary contributions to construct mosques throughout this time, including Jumma house of worship masjid and Jamia masjid. By late 19th century many thousand Memons had settled in Mumbai due to commercialism. Memon representative leaders listed with British capitalists to develop their Indian monopolies. The area of Mumbai that the Memon traders finished up assemblage in later became referred to as the Memonwada.
Business, it is said, is in the blood of the Memons. The earliest Memon businesses dealt mainly in the import and sale of textiles. Among the earliest were A. R. Kareem ;amp; Co., established in 1895, Ebrahim Abubakker ;amp; Sons, founded in 1913, and Wali Mohamed Abdul Rahman ;amp; Co set up in 1928. By 1967, there were as many as 220 Memon business homes, with the vast majority in Colombo et al. in most areas like Galle, Kandy, Jaffna and Matara (Directory of Memon Firms in the table Diary of the Memon Association of Ceylon 1967). Most of these firms dealt in textiles like cambrics, poplins, cotton, linens, and nylons. A few had begun to focus elsewhere, such as Ali Mohamed Abu bakker of Fourth street, Pettah, who foreign quality Iraqi dates below whole names like Swan and Lion of urban center and exported Ceylon tea as half of the tea-for-dates barter program throughout the position of Dudley Senanayake. Then there was Sirrul Kadheer ;amp; Co. Ltd of Barber Street who took to creating every kind of woodwork and cupboards for radios and radiograms, as may be gathered from the advertisements placed within the 1967 table Diary of the Memon Association.
A second generation of Memons looked beyond the horizon and selected to become producers instead of merchants. This resulted in the startup of several our biggest garment manufacturers these days, like Brandix, Timex Garments, Fergasam Industries, Lucky Industries and EAM Maliban Group. There was, however, one man who beat them all to pioneer production within the terribly initial generation. That was Haji Anver Ahamed, the founder of Janatha Garments, whose rags to riches story is still talked regarding in many another Memon social unit. Arriving within the island alone at the age of fifteen all the method from Porbandar in Gujarat in the late Forties, he started off as a salesman in a little textile search in main street, Wellawatte, before gradually creating his method up to become one in every of the leading entrepreneurs of his community. Janatha Garments, which he started in nineteen67 with 19 machines, is today one of Sri Lanka’s leading garment exporters and a serious forex spinner.
There are no such festivals of Memons, they celebrate all the festivals referred by or according to Islamic Law. Hereby some organizations.i.e. WMO (World Memon Organization) all Chapters, Memon Youth Association UK and other organizations annually celebrate Family Fun and invite all the Memon Communities in.
According to the source (http://buffet.thecookbook.pk/10-everyday-memoni-dishes-must-try/) Memons totally Love these dishes. They are mouth watering as well as no one cook them better then Memons. Here is the list:
Khausaay – Memoni dish close to Burmese khao-soi.
Hara lehsun-Winter special
Bajrey k Pakoray.
Gur Papri-Winter special.