Jean Piaget Cognitive Piaget studied the thinking and logic of children and he believe that children had a different logic to adults
Jean Piaget Cognitive
Piaget studied the thinking and logic of children and he believe that children had a different logic to adults. Piaget started his theory by observing and studying his own children and conclude that children learn and build their ideas a on what they see and experience, not by what they are taught. The more the children see and gain in experience the more their schemes would change and develop as they add new information.
This is known as constructivist theory, coming from the world to build Schemes: a child’s construction and conclusions of thoughts and ideas. Piaget believed there are 4 stages of biological development to show how the brain grows. Assimilation: Child constructs a theory Equilibrium: the scheme stays the same according to their experiences to confirm their idea Disequilibrium: Child has doubts and questions their ideas and tries to works it out Accommodation: Child adjusts her thinking and scheme according to the new information.
Piaget theory proposed that children could not fast track through but same order (sequence) but would reach stages at different ages depending on their rate of development. Children with disability can have difficult progressing through the stages and may stop and not proceed any further without intervention. Cognitive age stages of development StageAgefeature
Sensori-motor (0-2) Child gains control over their body and uses their senses to understand and recognises objects around them.
Preoperational Stage (2-7) Children developed their skills and begins to use language and believe that see and have the same thoughts as them
-Concrete operational (7-11) Practical stage children begin to use reasoning by applying rules and strategies to their thinking so we less easily deceived by appearances
Formal operational (11+) Children can think abstractly by multiplying and reading in their head