Federalism divides power between a central government and the state governments
Federalism divides power between a central government and the state governments. Each has a separate role, and they cannot override the other. Separation of powers divides the government into three separate branches (executive, legislative, and judicial), each with its own responsibilities. Checks and balances create a system of safeguards ensuring that no one branch can become too powerful, by giving each the ability to ”check” one another. Finally, by creating a two-house system in Congress that allowed large and small states equal representation and proportional representation, the Constitution helps to ensure that neither the large or small states rebel against the Union.