Evaluating of blood samples for genetic data(Clemens,
Evaluating the Research Process Research endeavors take great organization and diligence in ensuring that information is collected correctly and carefully.
In the article selected, researchers collect data from both children and adults to create a bio repository for future research of childhood obesity. The following document will explore the results and opinions concluded in the research project, statistical findings, and other important information collected from the research project.For adults obesity is a condition that can become life threatening and more so when obesity is diagnosed at a young age. The Center for Disease control and Prevention (CDC) reports that 17% of all children and adolescents are obese (CDC, 2011). This article attempts to understand and research the effects of obesity in children and how early the effects take place. Researchers from children’s hospitals in Australia joined together to create the Childhood Overweight Bio Repository of Australia.This repository was created to collect data from adults and children who are obese or have a family history of obesity.
The testing consisted of several surveys for parents and children, documentation of daily diets, and a full exam by a physician. The participants also gave blood and other contributions like environmental, clinical and anthropometric data, metabolic and hormonal profiles, alongside storage of blood samples for genetic data(Clemens, Mc Callum, & Campbell, 2010).There is a great deal of literature used in the research process of creating this bio repository. There are over 70 periodicals used in reference in this research article and all of them give an insight on the theoretical explanation of the research. One reference in particular was information from another research project performed in the UK for children inside the hospital who were obese and suffering from the effects.
Many of the information found in this research project were deposited into COBRA for future research.Many of those who participated in the research project were asked by either by a doctor, physician in a hospital, or some sort of health care facility. There was no announcement for children to participate publicly. Childhood obesity is very difficult for parents to discuss and share with others therefore the visits were kept confidential and the children were given very little information as to why they were testing. Parents were encouraged to fill out every form and attend every follow up visit; this not only helped the patient but also the research results.There were ethical issues concerning collecting data from minors but all is well considering all parents signed consent forms and were completely aware of procedures and data collection.
There was also ethical concern about storing information over long periods of time but this bio repository was created for long term data collection for future research endeavors. Ethical concerns were absolved after the project was approved by the ethics board of the hospitals who participated.The information collected continues to be collected but there are findings that cannot be completely proven.
Bio banking helped in situations where patients had a history of obesity or morbidity. According to Clemens, Mc Callum, and Campbell (2010), Statistically bio banking samples from groups of individuals who are at much higher risk of disease (e. g. overweight youth or those with a family history of disease) is likely to be as productive as population-based bio banks, in terms of the number of cases identified, at a much smaller total sample size(pg. 8) .
Therefore, this group of participants received more feedback than those who did not have family history of obesity. One of the samples taken was to determine the G x E gene profile which allows researchers to determine if a child will develop morbidities and when. The information determined that within 3-5 years this information will be extremely achievable. The Childhood Overweight Bio Repository of Australia began with over 100 patients who were approached to participate in the study. Of the 100, 24% failed to attend appointments or cancelled and were later excluded.
Of the patients still remaining, there were 87, 25% refused to participate, 67% agreed to COBRA, 8% remain in the recruitment process. The completion rates remained extremely low for the full follow up visits with child and family but almost all participants gave to the bio bank for continued data collection. Those who did complete the full follow up process expressed appreciation for the research but data collected from these families has not yet been analyzed. This study was intended to find strategies to prevent and treat childhood obesity in primary care settings.The conclusions do not deliver the results expected for this research project. The concern is that without continued research the number of children and teens who are obese will double over the next ten years. “Many may be of the opinion that the problem of childhood obesity does not require this intense level of investigation.
Some argue that the problem can be easily solved with more prescriptive measures to modify lifestyles of young children (Clemens, Mc Callum, and Campbell 2010.Pg10). Many pediatricians are joining the fight against childhood obesity by educating parents on calorie intake and physical activity for children. Though a difficult subject to discuss with children, it is imperative to educate them on healthy choices when choosing meals and activities.
These measures have not been a proven way to reduce the obesity pandemic. It is certain that over time the more information collected the better the chances are of success with this research project.This research endeavor was extremely noble and will be able to contribute to so many new research projects in the future. Though the results and conclusions do not result in the researcher’s theoretical explanation, some positive will come of this data collected.
The Childhood Overweight Bio Repository of Australia continues its collections of biological data and eventually will have a huge bank of vital information. Many of these families who participated received education that they might not have had they chosen against the project.The researchers will continue to battle the obesity crisis and document their findings to one day have more and more healthy children thus healthy adults. Reference Sabin, M.
, Clemens, S. , Saffery, R. , McCallum, Z. , Campbell, M. , Kiess, W. , & ..
. Wake, M. (2010).
New directions in childhood obesity research: how a comprehensive biorepository will allow better prediction of outcomes. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 10100. CDC.
(2011). Chilhood Overweight and Obesity. Retrieved from http://www. cdc. gov/obesity/childhood/index.