About much. Smoking also produces psychological dependency. Many
About Smoking: Smoking is a hard habit to break because tobacco contains nicotine, which is highly addictive.
Like heroin or other addictive drugs, the body and mind quickly become so used to the nicotine in cigarettes that a person needs to have it just to feel normal. People start smoking for a variety of different reasons. Some think it looks cool.
Others start because their family members or friends smoke. Statistics show that about 9 out of 10 tobacco users’ start before they’re 18 years old.Most adults who started smoking in their teens never expected to become addicted. That’s why people say it’s just so much easier to not start smoking at all. Tobacco advertising also has a big influence on why people smoke. For years, the industry has focused on making smoking glamorous through advertising in movies, television, and billboards. While cigarette advertising is now controlled, its influence can still be felt in the form of free samples, smoking cartoons, and the promise of cool merchandise that can be obtained in exchange for coupons printed on cigarette packs.
Many people claim that smoking keeps them thin, but the truth is that smoking reduces the sense of taste; so many people who smoke simply eat less because they don’t enjoy food as much. Smoking also produces psychological dependency. Many people smoke because it helps them relax and cope with difficult situations, or because it gives them confidence. Others smoke when they feel bored.
Smoking produces a feeling of satisfaction that’s difficult to give up. Finally, people who smoke are usually in denial – they know that smoking is bad, but they convince themselves it’s simply “not as terrible as they make it sound. Smoking is a social activity as well. Many people who smoke do so as a way to start conversations and interact at parties or in crowded places. This is known as “social smoking,” and it usually involves alcohol as a complement.
Many teenagers start smoking due to peer pressure. They may also smoke to feel more mature or as a form of rebellion against parental authority. It has been proved that children are also more likely to smoke if their parents do. Affects of smoking: There are no physical reasons to start smoking. The body doesn’t need tobacco the way it needs food, water, sleep, and exercise.
And many of the chemicals in cigarettes, like nicotine and cyanide, are actually poisons that can kill in high enough doses. The body is smart. It goes on the defense when it’s being poisoned. First-time smokers often feel pain or burning in the throat and lungs, and some people feel sick or even throw up the first few times they try tobacco.
The consequences of this poisoning happen gradually. Over the long term, smoking leads people to develop health problems like heart disease, stroke, emphysema (breakdown of lung tissue), and many types of cancer — including lung, throat, stomach, and bladder cancer.People who smoke also have an increased risk of infections like bronchitis and pneumonia. These diseases limit a person’s ability to be normally active, and they can be fatal. Each time someone lights up, that single cigarette takes about 5 to 20 minutes off the person’s life. Smokers not only develop wrinkles and yellow teeth, they also lose bone density, which increases their risk of osteoporosis (pronounced: ahs-tee-o-puh-row-sus), a condition that causes older people to become bent over and their bones to break more easily. Smokers also tend to be less active than nonsmokers because smoking affects lung power.
Smoking can also cause fertility problems and can impact sexual health in both men and women. Girls who are on the pill or other hormone-based methods of birth control (like the patch or the ring) increase their risk of serious health problems, such as heart attacks, if they smoke. The consequences of smoking may seem very far off, but long-term health problems aren’t the only hazard of smoking. Nicotine and the other toxins in cigarettes, cigars, and pipes can affect a person’s body quickly, which means that teen smokers experience many of these problems: Bad skin. Because smoking restricts blood vessels, it can prevent oxygen and nutrients from getting to the skin — which is why smokers often appear pale and unhealthy.
Studies have also linked smoking to an increased risk of getting a type of skin rash called psoriasis. • Bad breath. Cigarettes leave smokers with a condition called halitosis, or persistent bad breath. • Bad-smelling clothes and hair.
The smell of stale smoke tends to linger — not just on people’s clothing, but on their hair, furniture, and cars. And it’s often hard to get the smell of smoke out. Reduced athletic performance. People who smoke usually can’t compete with nonsmoking peers because the physical effects of smoking (like rapid heartbeat, decreased circulation, and shortness of breath) impair sports performance. • Greater risk of injury and slower healing time. Smoking affects the body’s ability to produce collagen, so common sports injuries, such as damage to tendons and ligaments will heal more slowly in smokers than nonsmokers. • Increased risk of illness.
Studies show that smokers get more colds, flu, bronchitis, and pneumonia than nonsmokers.And people with certain health conditions, like asthma, become more sick if they smoke (and often if they’re just around people who smoke). Because teens who smoke as a way to manage weight often light up instead of eating, their bodies also lack the nutrients they need to grow, develop, and fight off illness properly. History of Smoking: Tobacco was introduced to the Old World in the late 1500s where it followed common trade routes.
The substance was met with frequent criticism, but became popular nonetheless.German scientists formally identified the link between smoking and lung cancer in the late 1920s leading the first anti-smoking campaign in modern history. The movement, however, failed to reach across enemy lines during the Second World War, and quickly became unpopular thereafter. In 1950, health authorities again began to suggest a relationship between smoking and cancer. Scientific evidence mounted in the 1980s, which prompted political action against the practice. Rates of consumption from 1965 onward in the developed world have either peaked or declined.However, they continue to climb in the developing world.
The history of smoking dates back to as early as 5000–3000 BC when the agricultural product began to be cultivated in South America; consumption later evolved into burning the plant substance either by accident or with intent of exploring other means of consumption. The practice worked its way into shamanistic rituals. Many ancient civilizations, such as the Babylonians, Indians and Chinese, burnt incense as a part of religious rituals, as did the Israelites and the later Catholic and Orthodox Christian churches.Smoking in the Americas probably had its origins in the incense-burning ceremonies of shamans but was later adopted for pleasure or as a social tool. The smoking of tobacco and various hallucinogenic drugs was used to achieve trances and to come into contact with the spirit world.
Eastern North American tribes would carry large amounts of tobacco in pouches as a readily accepted trade item and would often smoke it in pipes, either in defined ceremonies that were considered sacred, or to seal a bargain, and they would smoke it at such occasions in all stages of life, even in childhood.It was believed that tobacco was a gift from the Creator and that the exhaled tobacco smoke was capable of carrying one’s thoughts and prayers to heaven. Apart from smoking, tobacco had a number of uses as medicine. As a pain killer it was used for earache and toothache and occasionally as a poultice. Smoking was said by the desert Indians to be a cure for colds, especially if the tobacco was mixed with the leaves of the small Desert Sage, Salvia Dorrii, or the root of Indian Balsam or Cough Root, Leptotaenia multifida, the addition of which was thought to be particularly good for asthma and tuberculosis. Why do people do smoke:There are not many smokers about who started smoking after the age of eighteen.
In fact, the majority of smokers took up the habit in their early or mid teens. At such a young age, you don’t really think about the health risks of smoking and you certainly do not realise how addictive smoking can be. As a teenager you probably think that you can try smoking a few times and then take it or leave it. However, the reality is that it doesn’t take long to become addicted to nicotine and smoking. Within a short period of time, children can experience the same cravings and withdrawal symptoms as an adult, as well as smoke as many cigarettes or more.There are several reasons as to why children or teenagers start smoking.
Peer pressure plays an important part. Many children start smoking because their friends have tried it or smoke themselves. Those children may have started as they have grown up in an environment where their parents, grandparents and older siblings smoke, and so they smoke in order to look and act like them.
Other children start smoking as an act of rebellion or defiance against their parents or people of authority. Some children may also begin to smoke if they have low self-esteem. Smoking may get them in with the “in crowd” and help them to make friends.If they smoke, then they will be accepted by their peers.
Some children have said that they smoke to appear older and more grown up, especially if they are surrounded by young adults who smoke. A number of children are only experimenting with smoking and just want to try it so see what all the fuss is about. As it is prohibited to smoke until the age of sixteen or even eighteen in some countries, children who smoke and get away with it without being caught, can get a thrill or feeling of excitement out of flaunting the law and doing what grown up adults do all the time.Whatever the reason that a teenager has for starting to smoke, it is apparent that no matter how much you try to tell them that smoking is bad for you, a great number of them are going to try it anyway.
At that age, a teenager is more likely to be influenced by what their friends are doing rather than doing what their parents would like them to do. Some teenagers may take up smoking because their favorite film star or pop star smokes. They may think that if they smoke just like their favorite idol does, then they will appear more glamorous, attractive or sexy, like them.The manner in which some tobacco companies advertise their cigarette brands also has a major influence on young people. Some adverts give the impression that smoking is sociable. You can make new friends by smoking or you can attract your ideal partner by looking sexy, sultry and smoky! Cigarette advertising is being banned in some countries and tobacco companies are becoming limited in where they are allowed to advertise. In some countries they are not permitted to advertise on billboards, television, and radio, in magazines or newspapers or on buses or trains.
Why people continue to smoke Apart from the fact that nicotine is highly addictive (see effects of nicotine), which makes it really difficult to give up, many adults have their own reasons for continuing to smoke. A lot of people think that they need cigarettes in order to cope with stress or nerves. However, nicotine is a stimulant; it makes your heart beat faster and raises your blood pressure, so in fact, smoking does not really relax you at all or help you cope with unpleasant situations. Other smokers say that their habit relaxes them.
This is also erroneous because if you think about it, in a lot of the situations where you would light up a cigarette, you are actually carrying out relaxing and enjoyable activities such as sitting down and having a coffee with friends, watching television or having a break from working. People probably think that smoking relaxes them, when in reality, smoking a cigarette, just stops the withdrawal symptoms that have begun to kick in after not having one for a while. If you live with a family member or partner who smokes, then obviously it is going to be much harder to quit, even though you may really want to.Many women are afraid of giving up smoking as they think that they will gain a huge amount of weight when they stop.
Once you stop smoking though, you will be much fitter and have much more energy, which could motivate you into taking up some form of exercise or joining a gym. want a cigarette some of the time. For example, you may light up a cigarette when you do certain activities in particular, such as talking on the phone, reading the paper or watching television. If you are not allowed to smoke at work, you may therefore have a cigarette before you start, during a break, before lunch, after lunch and as soon as you leave etc.As with the younger generation, smoking may be a way of talking to different people and making new friends. Asking someone for a light or a cigarette may be a way of starting a conversation or an ice breaker. Finally, some people smoke if they are bored and have nothing to do or if they are feeling lonely.
Trying to keep busy would perhaps be a more satisfactory solution to this problem. Whatever the reasons people have to start smoking in the first place, the majority of them quickly become addicted and continue to smoke for a long period of time.Some manage to quit, probably after many unsuccessful attempts, whilst others will smoke for the rest of their lives, however long or short that may be. It is a fact however, that over 50% of smokers wish that they didn’t smoke and that they could give up tomorrow. Therefore, it should be apparent that most people smoke because they are addicted to nicotine. For them, not to smoke would need an immense amount of willpower, a huge amount of support from family and friends and for some, expert medical advice and help. Research Topic: Banning smoking RESEARCH AREAAs a University student, I have seen first hand the prevalence of smoking.
All across our campus, university students are lighting up at an alarming rate. In a campus survey I conducted of 30 general public, in March 26, twenty two men said they were current smokers. I surveyed 25 males and 5 females.
My survey included 15 questions revealing gender, age, class, familial history of smoking, frequency of smoking, desire to quit, methods used to quit, awareness of hazards, etc. I surveyed several of my classmates in class, a few sorority sisters in our suite, and random students at the HUB.Fifty-three percent of the individuals I surveyed smoke. Sixty-two percent of the students who smoke consider themselves “social smokers. ” Eighty-seven percent of the smokers have tried to quit. The students who have tried to quit have used the cold turkey method and intake reduction by decreasing the number of cigarettes smoked in a week In addition to the surveys, I conducted three interviews of my roommates in my apartment, many of the students I interviewed reported the average age they tried their first cigarette was 15. Not surprisingly, I found that smoking is higher among students who have “a strong party orientation.
University students who are binge drinkers admit “I only smoke when I drink. ” On the bright side, many of the cigarette smokers I interviewed said they do not smoke every day, indicating they are only casual users. My research did not show any relationship in smoking and age, sex, ethnicity, familial history, etc. Most of the University smokers I surveyed are not heavy smokers. Several of the smokers I talked to said they did not smoke daily, while others reported that they smoked every day but did not smoke more than one pack per day.
Half of the college smokers I surveyed and interviewed reported they had tried to quit in the previous year, and several of them had made four or more attempts at kicking the addiction. Other students experiment with cigarettes in high school but start smoking heavily in college. Everyone I surveyed and interviewed is aware that smoking is responsible for the deaths of many people every year.
They know it increases the risk of heart attack and stroke and adversely affects breathing and the lungs. And like smokers of any age, many college students are actively trying to quit.Mandy Soled knows that four or five cigarettes a day are four or five too many. She plans to quit some day.
She understands that if she quits her breath will smell better; she will taste and smell food better; her cough will go away; she will save money; she will reduce secondhand smoke for others; and she will reduce her risk of lung cancer, heart disease, strokes, lung disease, and respiratory illnesses. Banning smoking: As a non-smoker I it would be all too easy to declare that the cancer sticks should be as far removed from communal areas as possible.However are these dogmatic protesters who are trying to enforce a universal ban smoking in public forgetting two key concepts – freedom of choice and non-smoking areas? Now as I have already stated, I – like many other non-smokers- am not too keen on cigarette smoke.
I hate coming home from the pub smelling like an ashtray and I know the dangers of passive smoking with regard to my health. On the other hand, I also accept that this is part of pub culture. People go to the pub to relax. Relaxation is achieved by having a few drinks, a packet of crisps, having a chat and for some this includes partaking in the legal activity of smoking.From a business point of view enforcing a complete ban on smoking in public areas such as pubs, restaurants or bars would deter many customers.
We already have a partial ban on smoking in public places that seems to work fine. Smoking is banned on public transport, in cinemas, shops and a whole host of other places where you are likely to come into contact with other members of the public. And for the places that haven’t been subjected to this partial smoking ban there is still the option of choosing to sit in a non-smoking area away from all that ‘nasty smoke’.Smokers are addicted to nicotine and they need it regularly – fact.
We can’t change them wanting to smoke and although they should be considerate about smoking around others we should also force ourselves to tolerate to a certain level their habit. Why banning smoking from public area: Public smoking is kept legalized we will have major problems facing the environment. One problem is a lot of people are irritated by tobacco smoke. A man named. General released a report saying that passive smoking, when non-smokers breathe smoke in an enclosed area; it causes as many as five deaths a year.Smoking in a public place is an air pollutant and it can damage health in a number of ways.
The four major health hazards fall into air, water, and noise pollution. Air pollution can lead to various forms of respiratory disease. The main problem of smoking in a public place is indoor air pollution. Some of these problems that result indoor air pollution is building ventilation that has been reduced to conserve energy, with the result that ventilation is Simply inadequate. Combustion by products from smoking tobacco have produced substances, smoke included, that contaminate indoor air.
The problem effecting a person who is in a contaminated environment may result in coughing, whizzing, chest tightness, muscular aches, chills, headaches, fever and fatigue. To solve this we have to have extra ventilation and keep designated areas in the public places if there are any. Although some claim that smoking in a public place is their right and should be kept that, smoking in public places should not be legalized because it will endanger non-smokers from passive smoke and it pollutes our environment. The state of New York will remain restricting smoking to designated areas.Cigarettes are the most deadly habit, affecting the greatest number of people in the world today. A ban on public smoking would create a healthier country.
As the debates continue on who has the right to make a decision on whether or not to instate a smoking ban, it is extremely important that everyone get their opinion heard on this topic. This ban is more important than many laws being deliberated in congress because of the fact that it will affect such a large amount of people. Many go into restaurants or bars regularly, and almost everyone goes at least once in a while.Fayetteville five “long- standing restaurants” closed within three months of the smoking ban (Cody). Tobacco is still a legal substance, which means that it must be treated as such.
This way both parties will have a place to go, and everyone will be content. Alcohol is a substance that the government says takes even more responsibility to use than tobacco, as you must be three years older to drink than to smoke. There are hundreds of thousands of restaurants and bars spread across the country, in all sorts of locations.Although these are good points, it is not fair to simply take away smoking in public because some people simply do not like the atmosphere. This country is so great because people have so many rights, but this ban takes away from those rights, which then takes away from the ideals of this country. Smokers will not stay around to order food and drink alcohol if they are uncomfortable.
With the ban in effect, many smokers have found it more convenient to stay home or go over to a friend’s house instead of dealing with the troubles that the ban brings. Cigarette smoke contains over 4,000 chemicals.Of those chemicals, 40 of them have been proven to cause cancer (SWAT).
It’s no wonder why a bill is being passed to ban smoking in all public places. However, this will have the greatest effect on restaurants across the nation. The next great smoking debate will decide whether you can “puff” in restaurants. In a democracy, like the one we live in, the majority rules, while trying to respect the rights of the minority. In this case, the minority being smokers, seem to have more rights than the majority.
But the majority has taken it into their own hands and passed a bill to ban smoking in all public places.The ban would only apply to the common areas of the restaurants, especially if the dining areas were enclosed and had a separate entrance. Smoking, however, might be prohibited in a lobby if a nearby restaurant wasn’t enclosed (Czurak). Of course, there will always be holes or vagueness in passing bills and making rules. It is uncertain whether the bill would allow smoking on open-air decks and patios, and it’s not clear whether anyone could light up on an outdoor deck that was screened in the summer and heated in the winter (Cz) Of course, those who smoke are also against this bill.In Massachusetts, studies have proven that the smoke free ordinances have not effected any restaurant revenue (Martin). They believe that the owners of that property and the operators of those establishments should make the decision as to whether or not they will allow patrons to smoke or not.
Restaurants that have already enforced the ban have quite a bit to say about the issue. Because they go there for the food, the social hours, the location, or simply the convenience of not cooking a meal themselves. Thus, increasing the business for that particular restaurant.
It would be extremely difficult for many restaurants to convert to clubs if they had liquor licenses are because the bill says no smoking in all public areas. California’s statute is nearly two years old, and the California Lung Association flaunts the state’s regulations as proof that restaurants and even bars won’t face economic decline when smoking is banned (However). Smoking has been proven to cause many diseases and this ban could only help to reduce that statistic. In addition to those in favor of the ban, there are also those who are completely against it.That was when restaurants were considering whether or not they should be required to have separate areas for nonsmokers (Sheraton). Recent tobacco suits were just settled in that states received large chunks of money and the companies get guaranteed immunity from state lawsuits (Debasing). The ones that have decided to keep a separate smoking area have had to install superior air conditioning so that the place has proper filtration from the cigarette smoke.
But now the government wants to ban the use of a legal product on what is private property that is open to the public.Passive smoking is the inhaling of second hand smoke. It is damaging the lungs of thousands of innocent Australians every year. All because some people are addicted and protest that it there right to smoke and endanger fellow workmates in public places.
Banns are currently in discussion to finally protect workplace employees from passive smoking. Just think of the stench that embeds your clothing when you exit a nightclub or restaurant. With smoking banns in place, venues like these and many others will become much cleaner and more inviting places.
No one person can justify killing someone else simply to satisfy his or her habit. Not only would the rate of lung cancer, heart attack and coronary heart disease decrease, but also Public places would become more respectable due to a decrease in litter and a clear air environment. Their smoke is killing some of the people they love and care for the most. The problem needs to be tackled; some businesses have started the ball rolling and proven that business may even prosper as a result of smoking banns.
Many smokers do not realize that by smoking in enclosed places they are endangering the lives of their children, workmates and even innocent bystanders who just happen to be near them. It is fact that passive smoking increases the risk of babies suffering cot death, asthma and respiratory disease. There can be no question on whether or not smoking should be banned in public places. ‘Some businesses have already woken up to the harm that smoking is causing.Sure it is a person’s right to smoke, but to injure some one else’s health is simply unacceptable in modern day society. As the debates continue on who has the right to make a decision on whether or not to instate a smoking ban, it is extremely important that everyone get their opinion heard on this topic. This ban is more important than many laws being deliberated in congress because of the fact that it will affect such a large amount of people.
Many go into restaurants or bars regularly, and almost everyone goes at least once in a while. Conclusion:Based on the research I can say, ban smoking in public areas by strict enforcement of no-smoking rules, a smoker due to his nicotine addiction will inevitably smoke within his home; this will again result in creating damage to others by passive smoking, in this case the family members will be affected. So, I can say banning smoking is only the option to minimize the problem or solved the problem.
Citation 1. Mahamood, Amin. “Banning smoking from the public zone. ” Daily Star 10May 2002:8. 2.
Rahman, Zaffar. “Do not smoke in the public area. ” Daily Star 4 Nov. 2002:4. . Kafiluddin, A K M. “Environment is polluted by the smoker. ” Independent 16 Oct. 2002:7. 1. Do you smoke? a. Yes————–17 b. No————-13 2. What types of smoker are you? a. Regular————14 b. Occasionally———-13 c. Never——–3 3. Where do you like to smoke? a. In public place———-8 b. In non public place———–4 c. Both a & b——————18 4. Do you believe smoking is bad for health? a. Yes—————-28 b. No———-2 5. Is it right to do smoke in the open area is good habit? a. Yes—————-28 b. No———–2 6.What do you think if you do smoke in the public area? a. You will only suffer————14 b. Other people will suffer————-8 c. Both a & b————-5 d. No one———3 7. Is smoker polluting the environment? a. Yes———–22 b. No ————-7 8. Do you think smoking means wasting money? a. Yes===============26 b. No————–3 c. Never——1 9. Do you support if government makes strong Law against smoke in the public place? a. Obviously —————–13 b. Never————15 c. May be————-2 10. Do you support if Government Banning smoking? • Obviously————-15 Never————11 • May be———–4 11. What do you think is it the right time to ban smoking from the public place? a. Yes———-28 b. No———–2 12. What do you think is anti smoke law should be more strong? a. yes ===========12 b. no—————–15 c. may be———3 13. What do you think is the Government can play a vital role against smoking? a. Yes——————-18 b. No———–12 14. Give me your opinion, if Government banning smoking from the public area will be a positive step? 15. Give me your opinion, if Government interdicts smoking from the country