Advancements a lot of inventions that have
Advancements of the Camera Advancements of the Camera Introduction to the Humanities- HUMN303 Course Project 6/12/2011 Introduction to the Humanities- HUMN303 Course Project 6/12/2011 Sony The Camera, an invention that has evolved through many generations of technology is the camera; which not only has been used to capture pretty pictures and portraits, but it has become something that benefits many people including the business world. SonyThe Camera, an invention that has evolved through many generations of technology is the camera; which not only has been used to capture pretty pictures and portraits, but it has become something that benefits many people including the business world. Advancements of the Camera Over the years, there have been a lot of inventions that have benefited people and society in general. An invention that has evolved through many generations of technology is the camera. The camera not only has been used to capture especial moments in people’s lives, but it has become something that benefits the business world in general.It is believed that the camera was invented during the early 1500’s.
The first unsophisticated camera was called the camera obscura. Artists were the only people who used the camera as a tool to help them sketch scenery (Bellis). The camera obscura was seen as a drawing tool for a clearer and realistic portrayal of objects. It was in the early 19th century that an invention named the Camera Lucida was introduced by Cambridge Scientist William Hyde Wollaston that consisted of an optical device that could help an artist view the distant scene or person object on a paper surface that he or she was using to draw.In other words, the artist gets to view a superimposed image of a subject on paper and this image could be effectively used to attempt to draw, trace or paint it (JohnnyWik). Both the Camera Obscura and the Camera Lucida provided an image that was temporary, which could not be lastingly captured on to paper.
Studies however continued well into the 1800’s on how to actually capture the image onto material. It was during this time, around 1822 that French researcher Joseph Nicephore Niepce, created the first photography on the paper and would disappear after a short while (InfoBorder).Even so, despite the short-lived nature of the image, the concept of photography was born with this experiment and paved the way for further study and development in this field. Capturing images to retain them longer and permanently became the next big quest for researchers.
Another Frenchman Louis-Jacques-Mande Daguerre partnered with Joseph Nicephore Niepce in 1829, to develop the process of creating permanent photographs (InfoBorder). Joseph Niepce die in 1833, but Daguerre continued with the work and succeeded in 1837 after many long years of experimentation (InfoBorder).The process of capturing photographic images that would not fade away, introduced by Daguerre came to be known as the daguerreotype because of his name. The word photography was made up by scientist Sir John F. W. Herschel in 1839 and it is actually is derived from two Greek word’s ‘photos’ meaning light and ‘graphein’ meaning draw (Unknown).
A slightly more advanced version of the daguerreotype called the Calotype process that makes multiple copies possible using the negative and positive method became available very soon after.In fact, it was during the 1840’s that the use of photographic images in advertisements first started and cameras made their mark on the power of visual communication. It was not much later, that photographers started experimenting with underwater photography of seascapes (National Geographic). Up until 1850, the process of capturing images was cumbersome requiring up to half an hour of light exposure (Greenspun, 2007). The discovery made in 1851 by Frederick Scott Archer was a blessing since the new method termed the Collodion process called for just 2-3 seconds of light exposure to capture an image (Greenspun, 2007).
Prior to 1871, photographers went through a development process where they had to coat the plate with wet chemical each and every time and process the image immediately. With the invention the gelatin dry plate silver bromide process by Richard Leach Maddox, negatives did not have to be developed immediately (Greenspun, 2007). This was an important discovery since up until then the capture image had to be processed instantly. George Eastman invented the Kodak camera. For $22.
00, an amateur could purchase a camera with enough film for 100 shots (Bellis). After use, it was sent back to the company, which then processed the film.The ad slogan read, “You press the button, we do the rest. ” A year later, the delicate paper film was changed to a plastic base, so that photographers could do their own processing (Bellis).
Eastman’s first simple camera in 1888 was a wooden, light-tight box a simple lens and shutter that was factory-filled with film. The photographer pushed a button to produce a negative (Digital Shutter Mania , 2009). Once the film was used up, the photographer mailed with the filmed still in it to the Kodak factory where the film was removed from the camera, processed, and printed.The camera was then reloaded with the film and returned. This development led to another key invention, the motion picture camera by Thomas Edison in 1891 (Bellis). Over almost 170 years, the camera has been continually developed from the big, wooden, and hard-to-use style to the most modern digital camera which everybody can easily use it. It demonstrates that people are interested continuously in photography over time.
Furthermore, with fast development in digital technology, digital cameras will be continuously developed more and more high tech and easy to use cameras.Cameras today have come a long way from the 1500’s for sure; many cameras have built in exposure meters that automatically set the camera’s controls. Photography is taking an increasingly in many fields of science; a lot of medical centers, dentists, laboratories use the cameras for x rays, fetal ultrasounds, echocardiograms, a lot medical equipment comes with an installed camera; the NASA uses digital cameras in the satellites (InfoBorder); Police when performing investigations about a crime scene use the camera for a picture of a body or evidence when trying to solve a crime; special high speed cameras can show he tiny humming bird in flight. These cameras can also reveal information about the path of a bullet as it leaves a gun.
Underwater cameras provide information on sunken ships and underwater life. The use of camera also can be seen in all kind of businesses; photography helps them to promote their products and services, promote internal events, to make their employee batches, etc. It can be said that this invention has changed our society in a greater way. In Kodak introduced a digital camera targeted at professionals and journalists.Kodak is credited with the invention of a pixel based camera technology known to us as the digital camera (InfoBorder).
Digital cameras do not use film similar to their predecessor electronic cameras but the storage method is entirely different and the final photograph is of much higher resolution. In a digital camera photos are recorded and stored in digital form. This digital data can be transferred to a computer and processed for printing.
Kodak and Canon are well known digital camera manufacturers and there are also several other key brands as well.The development continued in camera technology, the focus now shifting to the field of digital imaging which is where the future lies. Use-friendly features like software that can download digital images directly from camera onto home computers for storing and sharing on the internet is the new norm in the market place. The camera, the computer, the software industry and the worldwide web are today irrevocably interlinked to empower the user in experiencing the benefits of camera usage to full potential.The innovation that sparked many an invention in the camera industry found its way into the digital world as well and continued among digital camera manufacturers. During 2001, the Kodak and Microsoft partnership ensured that digital camera manufacturers could use the power of Picture Transfer Protocol (PTP) standard through Windows (Kodak).
The digital photo experience is a key visual driver in the Internet era. Many of Kodak digital camera models with EasyShare capabilities are compatible with Windows XP (Kodak).The Kodak EasyShare software enables users to transfer digital camera picture directly from camera to their computers and then print the pictures or even email them. Companies in the related business line like printing industry have adapted their products to be in sync with the images created by digital cameras (Kodak). Cell phone manufacturers have tied up with digital camera manufacturers to develop new age camera phones in recent years. These camera phones can capture images and share the images through the cell phone (rriddell, 2011).
Among the 21st century digital developments are the advanced product offerings from digital cameras manufacturers and these are sure to occupy an important place in the ensuing history of camera development. While the higher-end digital evolution continues, the prices of the simple camera have crashed to such an extent that even children and teens are proud owners of uncomplicated cameras. The camera and photography interest starts young and this creates a truly large audience base for the camera industry.And throughout history, it is evident that the endeavor of researchers and developers has been to make the camera available to a wide section of society.
Again, cameras have had a great impact in today’s society. It can be used in many, many ways, but it would not be the great invention it is today without all of the inventors and scientists’ hard work. Bibliography Bellis, M. (n. d.
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