Absolutism the new military machine, and from there
Absolutism in the 1700s exceeded Constitutionalism The Experience of France and England in the 17th century demonstrates the intellectual and practical superiority of absolutism over constitutionalism. Absolutism in France was much more secure than Constitutionalism in England. Absolutism controlled all competing interest groups and organized all religious sects.
Louis XIV had centralized power and control under his authority in France while Constitutionalism in England failed to create absolute monarchy. Constitutionalism in England dealt with James I, Charles I, and James II that led to a catastrophe.Absolutism in France was much more secure than Constitutionalism in England because Louis XIV had powerful standing armies. Louis came to a decision to chaos and anarchy was absolute power. Absolute monarchs created standing armies recruited, paid, and trained by the state. The standing army was a symbol of Louis XIV power and authority. For decades France dominated European politics using the new military machine, and from there Louis XIV moved quickly to centralize government.
Even though Louis XIV was controlling power, Louis was able to secure France without any serious chaos or war in the country at that time.During the seventeenth century, absolutism demonstrates the intellectual and practical superiority over constitutionalism. In 1685 James II came to the throne and intended to restore the Roman Catholic faith bringing back the power of the English monarch.
Many English people opposed the king, leading the parliamentarians to ask William of Orange to invade England and seize the throne. James II fled to Europe without any resistance. James failed to deal with the Constitutional monarchs in England, hence William and Mary accepted the crown of England.Therefore Absolutism in France demonstrates the intellectual and practical superiority over Constitutionalism in England. Secondly, Absolutism in France was much more secure than Constitutionalism in England because Louis XIV won control over the Catholic Church in France.
When Louis was 23, he began to consolidate power under his control. The Catholic Church in France challenged Louis’s effort to centralize power under him. Essentially the papacy would never issue any church laws relevant to French social, political, or economic issue proceeding control of the Catholic Church.
Louis XIV was able to finalize the religious unity. In the seventeenth century, Constitutionalism did not demonstrate the intellectual and practical superiority than Absolutism in France because Elizabeth I had failed to deal with the rise of Puritanism in England. Elizabeth died with religion and constitution unsettled.
She failed to conflict with the rise of Puritanism, and failed to authorize the type of religious unity that Louis XIV managed in France. In final consideration, Absolutism in France was much more secure than Constitutionalism in England because Louis retained absolute control over the government.Louis bribed the provincial governors to elect him. He did this to ensure loyalty to the kings at all levels of government.
He also had a three year term so that any governors, who were not loyal, would not remain in power. Louis centralized the government, and had absolute control over them. During the constitution in England, Charles I was the king in 1625 with limited powers. He followed his father’s footsteps; James I, and was a stubborn man where the Parliament disliked him. Charles suspended the Parliament when the Parliament did not grant him to raise the taxes.
But Charles had to recall the Parliament for its support to finance the war in Ireland. This led to many problems. When the parliamentarians captured Charles I, they tried to negotiate with him, but he refused to compromise. The parliamentarians had no choice but to behead him. Therefore, Absolutism in France was much more secure than Constitutionalism in England. In conclusion the experience of France and England in the 17th century demonstrates the intellectual and practical superiority of absolutism over constitutionalism.
Louis XIV showed his absolutism power in France and managed to secure France with his standing armies, while James II fled to Europe and failed deal with the constitution monarchy. Louis XIV had absolute control over religion, where as Elizabeth I failed to deal with religion and constitution unsettled. Louis retained absolute control over the government in the seventeenth century, while the parliamentarians did not like Charles I and led him to be beheaded. Absolutism in the seventeenth century was much more securing in France than Constitutionalism in England.