Fedora is a popular open
? Fedora is a popular open source Linux-based operating system.
? Fedora is designed as a secure, general purpose operating system. The operating system is developed on a six month release cycle, under the guidance of the Fedora Project. Fedora is sponsor by Red Hat.
? According to the Fedora Project, Fedora is “always free for anyone to use, modify, and distribute.” Fedora is said to be the second-most commonly used Linux distribution, after Ubuntu. There are over a hundred distribution based on Fedora, including Red Hat Enterprise Linux and the One Laptop per Child project’s XO operating system.
? The minimum requirements for the current (20) release of Fedora are:
• 1GHz Processor
• 1 GB
• 10 GB free disc space
• DVD drive or USB port (installation media)
• In our opinion, Linux Fedora has two main strong (over and above the usual Linux ones)
• It champions new technology Red Hat uses it as a vehicle for testing and proving technologies for release in it’s market-leading commercial RHEL release
• Reliability in our experience Fedora 15 is extremely strong it seems to cope well with flakey hardware and any application failures are confined to that application, rather than affecting the whole operating system (-unlike, in our experience, Ubntu 11.04)
• The superb robustness, as well as slick desktop, make Fedora the distro of choice for the Linuceum’s own computers.
? Drawbacks of Fedora
The main drawbacks of using Fedora are:
• Fedora is a awesome choice for the more experienced Linux hand but it is not, perhaps, the most user-friendly for the novice, with the user often having to resort to the command line to complete common tasks. Particular issues we’ve had are:
• If the Software Updater has two packages from different source, it can be difficult to track down the offending package (if you have a lot of updates pending) and to fix it without restore to yum on the command line, which is confusing to most newcomers
• There are nowhere near as many as applications available for Fedora as for Ubuntu – and those that are often need to be installed via the command line or by adding custom repositories (such as RPM Fusion)
• Fedora is quite big and requires a reasonably capable machine to run effectively (see the minimum requirements). If your machine is particularly old (and you can’t upgrade it) then you may be off with something like Puppy instead
• Fedora 18 in particular is, there by default, quite locked-down security-wise. This means the user may need to give time tweaking the security in order to run certain applications
• Fedora lacks support for any proprietary format (such as Flash, MP3, MP4, etc) meaning that the user will have to enable a secondary repository (such as RPMFusion and install and configure all these things manually
• If you are adventurous, or you have previous Linux experience, then Fedora should be high on your list and me also.
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? ? Fedora Releases:
• There are two Fedora releases a year. Fedora releases do use a codeword for the release during development, but this is invariably dropped following release, in fav our of an integer release number. Here are the codeword and version for the last few releases:
Codename Release Release Date End of Support
Lovelock 15 May 2011 20th June 2012
Verne 16 November 2011 2nd February 2013
Beefy Miracle 17 May 2012 30th July 2013
Spherical Cow 18 January 2013 14th January 2014
Shroedinger’s Cat 19 May 2013 N/A
Heisenbug 20 December 2013 N/A
N/A 21 November 2014 N/A
• The user will not notice much differences in the desktops between using Fedora 15 and Fedora 20.
• The current Fedora 20 desktop is subtly different from that of Fedora 18 –collapse the options on the User menu into just three.
Objective (Reason): –
Fedora Linux Like other Linux appropriations, On a hard plate drive any form of windows. This is a known as double booting. when you on your PC you will be appear with a menu giving the choice to boot or Fedora Linux or Windows. you can just utilize one working framework at any given moment, yet the Windows segment of your circle drive will be accessible to you from Fedora Linux or your Windows segment was organized utilizing NTFS, FAT16 or FAT32.
These establishment techniques include littler the extent of the current Windows parcel to adequate space the establishment of Fedora. Ongoing Fedora discharges have given the alternative to consequently littler existing plate segments during a period of the establishment procedure. It is likewise conceivable to pre-contract a current segment.
Installing Fedora Linux on a Windows System (Dual booting)
? Downloading the Fedora Live CD
? Beginning the Dual Boot Installation Process
? Resizing the Windows Partition
? Shrinking the Existing Windows Partition
? Editing the Fedora Boot Menu
? Downloading the Fedora Live CD:
The initial phase in the establishment procedure is to acquire the Fedora establishment media in an organization reasonable for introducing on a hard circle which as of now contains a Windows establishment. The most straightforward approach to accomplish this is to boot the Fedora Live Cd and play out the setup and establishment from the live session. Live Album bolster was presented in Fedora Linux starting with the arrival of Fedora 7. The most recent Fedora Live Album pictures can be downloaded from the Fedora venture site:
The download picture is roughly 650Mb in estimate so a broadband web association is prescribed and adequate plate space on the objective framework required.
The Live Disc pictures are recorded in the Fedora Work area Live Media class and pictures are accessible for both 32 and 64-bit processor models. In the event that you are uncertain of the design of your PC equipment, check with the producer for illumination. On the off chance that you are as yet uncertain, or wish to begin rapidly it merits realizing that the 32-bit variant of Fedora will likewise keep running on 64-bit frameworks, however the same can’t be said of running the 64-bit form on a 32-bit PC.
There are two transcendent work area situations on Linux, in particular KDE and Little person. Given that the default work area condition on Fedora is the Elf work area this will be the work area canvassed in the rest of this book. When you have downloaded the suitable picture for your equipment and decision of work area, copy the picture onto a CDROM. Check the documentation for your favored Disc composing programming for ventures on the most proficient method to compose an ISO picture record to a Compact disc on the off chance that you don’t definitely know how to do this.
? Beginning the Dual Boot Installation Process:
Place the Fedora Live Cd into the Cd drive of your Windows framework and reboot. On the off chance that the framework loads Windows again you should change the boot arrange in your framework Profiles. To do this reboot once more. From the get-go in the boot procedure the Profiles will show a message demonstrating which key ought to be squeezed to enter Setup. Press the key demonstrated with the goal that the Profiles Setup menu shows up. Explore the menu framework until the point that you discover the setting which shows the boot arrange utilized by the Profiles. Change the request with the goal that the drive containing the Fedora Linux Live CDROM is recorded before the hard plate drive, at that point exit and spare the settings. Reboot yet again and you should find that Fedora loads from the CDROM.
Once Fedora has stacked you will be given the Fedora login screen with the alternative to play out a programmed login pre-chosen. On the off chance that you make no move, Fedora will log you in following 60 seconds. In the event that you favor not to pause, tap on the Login catch to start the login succession. In any case, Fedora will give you the work area screen like the one delineated in the accompanying figure:
To start the establishment procedure, double tap on the Introduce to Hard Drive symbol situated on the Fedora work area. Once the installer has propelled, influence proper determinations for console format, to machine name, time zone and root secret key (the watchword that will be utilized when performing favored managerial assignments on the framework after establishment). Once these settings have been designed, the drive apportioning screen will show up. Now, the parcel utilized by the officeholder Windows establishment is prepared to be resized to oblige Fedora.
? Resizing the Windows Partition:
The installer screen in charge of arranging the essential parcel format of the objective hard plate drive shows up as delineated in the figure:
Alternatives are accommodated assigning space for the establishment of Fedora:
Use whole drive – The whole circle drive will be allocated to the Fedora working framework establishment. Any previous allotments, together with any current working frameworks and related information documents contained in that will be erased to account for Fedora. This choice should just be utilized in the event that you are certain beyond a shadow of a doubt you never again require anything that is as of now put away on that circle, or have effectively supported up all client documents.
Replace existing Linux Framework – If the drive was beforehand arranged to help a Windows/Linux double boot condition, this choice might be chosen to teach the installer to erase the previous Linux segment and supplant it with Fedora. By and by, it is imperative to reinforcement any client information that may even now be required.
Shrink current framework – Enables a current segment to be diminished in size to make room on the drive for the Fedora establishment. More subtle elements on this choice are given later in part.
Use free space – If the present segments on the drive don’t take up the whole circle space accessible, any unallocated space might be doled out to the Fedora establishment utilizing this choice.
Create custom design – When chosen, this choice shows the circle parceling device enabling each segment on the plate to be physically arranged. Except if you have involvement with low level circle apportioning this choice isn’t suggested.
Shrinking the Existing Windows Partition:
To make a double boot condition, the current Windows parcel should be lessened in size to account for Fedora to be introduced on the hard circle drive. To accomplish this, start by choosing the Therapist current framework choice taken after by the Following catch. The installer will therefore show the Volume to Therapist discourse as outlined in the accompanying figure:
Within this dialog, set the partition to shrink from the drop menu, followed by the amount of space by which the partition is to be reduced in mb. Note that to allow sufficient room for the Fedora installation, a minimum of 5GB is recommended. Once the partition and reduction amount have been entered, click on the Shrink button to initiate the partition modification. Once the partition and reduction amount have been entered, select on the Shrink button to initiate the partition modification. The installer will Show a dialog seeking confirmation that you wish to proceed. Clicking the Write changes to disk button will do the change. Once the resize process has completed, select the Use free space option and select Next to continue with the installation process. The installer will erase the unallocated space ready for the installation of Fedora and begin copying files to the partition.
Once the installation completes, shutdown the Live CD Fedora session using the System>Shutdown menu option and eject the Fedora Live CD from the drive. Restart the system and write that a countdown message appears. Press any key at this point to enter the boot menu which will appear as follows:
This menu gives the alternative of booting either “Fedora” or “Other”. In this occurrence, choosing “Other” will boot your unique Windows establishment. In the following area we will cover the means to adjust this menu to change the boot default and rename the “Other” menu choice to something more distinct.
? Editing the Fedora Boot Menu:
The boot menu settings are put away in the/boot/grub/grub.conf record. This document might be altered in a terminal window (Applications->System Apparatuses >Terminal) as takes after:
su – gedit/boot/grub/grub.conf
The substance of a run of the mill grub.conf document is recorded underneath:
The above grub.conf document contains alternatives to boot from two working frameworks. The Fedora area of the setup is as per the following:
The Windows section of the configuration is:
The default=0 line shows that the principal section in the record is to be default working frameworks (as such, the working framework that will boot as a matter of course if the client does not intercede amid the boot stage). The timeout=5 determines the quantity of seconds the boot screen is shown before the default working framework is consequently booted.
To design the framework to boot Windows of course basically changes this line with the goal that it peruses as takes after:
To expand the timeout before the default working framework boots, change the timeout esteem (for this situation to 20 seconds):
The last undertaking in our double boot setup process is to name the Windows boot alternative to something more unmistakable than “Other”. To accomplish this, basically change the “Other” line as takes after:
The following is the whole grub.conf record with the above changes made:
Whenever the framework is rebooted, the boot screen will hold up 20 seconds before auto booting. In the event that no keys are squeezed the framework will now boot Windows as a matter of course, rather than Fedora Linux. On the off chance that the client does mediate and show the boot menu, the Windows choice is presently titled “Windows” and not “Other”.